The Best Museums in Turkey

Chora Church | © Guillén Pérez / Flickr
Chora Church | © Guillén Pérez / Flickr

With its rich history that spans the ages and empires, Turkey’s museums are full of stunning artifacts as well as art. From Istanbul’s renowned museums to the lesser-known yet equally important museums around the country, Culture Trip rounded up the most essential.

Ephesus Archaeological Museum

Museum
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Ephesus Archeological Museum
Ephesus Archeological Museum | © Carole Raddato/Wikimedia Commons
After you’ve experienced the ruins of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, make sure to visit the Ephesus Museum, where more artifacts are on display. You’ll find remnants of the Temple of Artemis, sculptures from the fountains, coins, and much more.

Sakıp Sabancı Museum

Museum
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Stroll through the Sakıp Sabanci Museum’s vast grounds before taking in the world-class art inside
Stroll through the Sakıp Sabanci Museum’s vast grounds before taking in the world-class art inside | © Hackenberg-Photo-Cologne / Alamy Stock Photo
Located in a beautiful mansion—which used to belong to the famous Sabancı family—overlooking the Bosphorus, the Sakıp Sabancı Museum hosts some of Istanbul’s most well-regarded art exhibitions. Past art shows have included works by Rodin, Picasso, Monet, and Anish Kapoor.

Zeugma Mosaic Museum

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Gypsy Girl
Gypsy Girl | © Feride Yalav
The world’s largest mosaic museum, Zeugma has 1,700 square meters (18,299 square feet) of beautiful and well-preserved mosaics. Located in the city of Gaziantep, the museum’s exhibitions stem from the ancient city of Zeugma, which was in danger of being flooded by a dam project in 2000. The museum’s “Gypsy Girl” mosaic, displayed in a dark room, is one of the most popular pieces.

Istanbul Modern

Museum
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The Istanbul Modern opened its doors in 2004
The Istanbul Modern opened its doors in 2004 | © Kate Hockenhull / Alamy Stock Photo
Istanbul’s hub for contemporary art is one of its most important museums and always features excellent exhibitions from local and international talent. Istanbul Modern’s sculpture garden and Bosphorus-facing café are also local favorites.

Mevlana Museum

Museum
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Mevlana Museum
Mevlana Museum | © Niels Elgaard Larsen/Wikimedia Commons
The mausoleum of the Persian poet and Sufi mystic Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi is one of the main reasons to visit the Turkish city of Konya. The beautiful structure, which stands out with its turquoise dome, also once served as a tekke (a whirling dervish lodge).

Topkapı Palace

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The Topkapı Palace was constructed in 1453 by Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed the Conqueror constructed the Topkapı Palace in the mid-15th century | © Jochen Tack / Alamy Stock Photo
The overtly lavish residence of the Ottoman sultans for almost 400 years, the Topkapı Palace, built in 1453, is a true wonder and a must-see sight while in Istanbul. The sultan’s ostentatious lifestyle is thoroughly exemplified in beautiful pavilions, a treasury full of jewels, and harem.

Hagia Sophia

Museum, Cathedral
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The Hagia Sophia Museum is situated in the Sultanahmet district
The Hagia Sophia Museum is situated in the Sultanahmet district | © dbimages / Alamy Stock Photo
Once a Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal basilica, the Hagia Sophia was declared a museum in 1935 and is one of Istanbul’s icons. From the grand fading red façade to the stunning interior with frescoes and mosaics, the former church is one of the world’s most unique museums.

Pera Museum

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Pera Museum
Pera Museum | © Tatiana Matlina/Wikimedia Commons
Located in a beautiful neo-classical building that used to be the famous Bristol Hotel, the Pera Museum has been hosting important art exhibitions and events since its establishment in 2005. Past featured names have included Rembrandt, Joan Miró, Frida Kahlo, and Goya, among many others.