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20 Must-Visit Attractions in Amsterdam

The Royal Palace Amsterdam on Dam Square | © C Messier/ WikiCommons
Picture of Tom Coggins
Updated: 23 May 2019
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There are many sides to Amsterdam’s unique charm, and the city is well-known for its diverse roster of attractions. Besides its photogenic canals, luscious parks and beautiful religious buildings, the city is also home to numerous, world-leading museums, several impressive examples of modern architecture and even a brewery that resides underneath a windmill.

The Canal Belt

Central Amsterdam is encircled by four 17th-century canals – a system now recognised as an UNESCO Heritage Site. These waterways were built by Amsterdam’s municipality in order to enhance the city’s water traffic and encourage commerce. Hundreds of typical Dutch townhouses line these canals, many of which date back to the Renaissance period.

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Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

Museum
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The Stedelijk is among the most important modern and contemporary art museums in the world, and has been at the forefront of the international art scene for over 100 years. The museum constantly adds new or historically important work to its collection and currently owns over 90,000 pieces, including paintings by Van Gogh, Malevich and Mondriaan.
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Sun:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 10:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm

The Portuguese Synagogue

Synagogue
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The Portuguese Synagogue
The Portuguese Synagogue | ©A.A.W.J. Rietman/WikiCommons
During the 17th century, thousands of Jewish people immigrated to Amsterdam from Portugal in order to escape the ongoing religious conflicts plaguing the Iberian peninsula. In Amsterdam, they were allowed to practise their religion openly, and eventually built an enormous, architecturally impressive synagogue in the city’s Jewish district that is still standing today.
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Dam Square

The foundations of Dam Square were originally built in the 13th century, when villagers living on the banks of the Amstel decided to dam the northern part of the river. Many important buildings were constructed on this platform over the years, and today Dam Square contains Amsterdam’s Royal Palace, the National Monument and de Nieuwe Kerk.

Dam Square
©Sietske /WikiCommons

The Rijksmusuem

Museum
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The Rijksmuseum
The Rijksmuseum | ©User:Voytikof/WikiCommons
The Rijksmuseum, probably the most important museum in the Netherlands, houses over one million artworks. This vast collection contains many masterpieces created by pre-eminent historical figures and includes work by Dutch masters Rembrandt, Vermeer and Van Gogh.
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Sun:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Mon:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Tue:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Wed:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Thu:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Fri:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Sat:
9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Homomonument

The Homomonument was unveiled in 1987 after years of development and campaigning. This monumental pink triangle was the first memorial in the world dedicated to the LGBTQI victims of oppression, and today hosts a number of commemorative and celebratory events throughout the year.

De Oude Kerk

Building
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Inside the Oude Kerk
Inside the Oude Kerk | © bertknot/Flickr
As the oldest building in central Amsterdam, the Oude Kerk is brimming with history. The church was originally owned by Amsterdam’s Catholic authorities, but was confiscated by Calvinists during the Reformation and converted into a Protestant cathedral. Today it hosts numerous cultural activities and religious ceremonies.
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Sun:
1:00 pm - 5:30 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm

De Hortus Botanicus

Park
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Marvel at plant species at De Horus Botanicus
Marvel at plant species at De Horus Botanicus | © Salim Virji/Flickr
De Hortus Botanicus is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world, and contains over 6,000 tropical plants. During the 17th century, the garden was the main source of medicinal herbs in Amsterdam, and was used by the city’s doctors and chemists. Today, its numerous greenhouses and conservatories are open to the public, attracting thousands of visitors each year.
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Sun:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 5:00 pm

Pathé Tuschinski

Cinema
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Due to its glorious design, Pathé Tusckinski is regularly cited as the most beautiful cinema in the world. The entire theatre is infused with Art Deco and Art Nouveau visual motifs, and it successfully merges these two movements’ principal artistic gestures into an unrivalled architectural pastiche.
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A'DAM Toren

Building
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This colossal tower on Amsterdam’s northern shore contains several cultural enterprises, including a subterranean nightclub called Shelter, a revolving restaurant and the tallest suspended swing in Europe. While A’DAM Toren has only been open since 2016, it’s already an iconic part of Amsterdam’s cultural landscape.
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Natura Artis Magistra

Zoo
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A baby giraffe at Artis Zoo
A baby giraffe at Artis Zoo | © Kitty Terwolbeck/Flickr
Commonly known as the Artis Zoo, Natura Artis Magistra has been caring for a large menagerie of animals for almost 200 years. Apart from its furry, scaly and feathered residents, Artis also looks after millions of microbes and contains the first zoo in the world that is dedicated to microbiological life, aptly titled Micropia.
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Sun:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Mon:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Sat:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm

EYE Filmmuseum

Museum, Building
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The EYE Filmmuseum
The EYE Filmmuseum | © Gouwenaar/WikiCommons
From a certain distance EYE Filmmuseum‘s sloping, multi-faceted form creates the illusion of movement and the building’s complex architecture represents the height of post-modern structural design. This impressive building houses several cultural projects associated with filmmaking, and also features several modern cinemas.
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Sun:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Ons' Lieve Heer op Solder

Museum
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The chapel inside Museum Ons' Lieve Heer op Solder
The chapel inside Museum Ons' Lieve Heer op Solder | © Remi Mathis / WikiCommons
After the Reformation, Catholicism was officially banned by the Dutch government. Instead of converting to Calvinism or fleeing the Netherlands, many Catholics decided to practise their faith in secret, and built several hidden churches around Amsterdam. Ons’ Heer Lieve op Solder is one of these clandestine chapels, and is perfectly preserved inside the attic of a 17th-century townhouse in the centre of the Red Light District.
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Sun:
1:00 pm - 6:00 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm

Van Gogh Museum - NEW

Museum
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Inside the Van Gogh Museum
Inside the Van Gogh Museum | © Jan Kees Steenman / Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
Amsterdam’s Van Gogh Museum has the largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the world, and regularly hosts exhibitions documenting certain aspects of the artist’s life. Besides its conservation and research projects, the museum also acts as a cultural centre and often organises nighttime events dedicated to its namesake.
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Sun:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Mon:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
9:00 am - 9:00 pm
Sat:
9:00 am - 6:00 pm

Brouwerij 't IJ

Brewery
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Brouwerij 't IJ is underneath the tallest windmill in Amsterdam | © Alf van Beem / WikiCommons
Colloquially known as the ‘windmill brewery’, Brouwerij ‘t IJ is famously located underneath a mammoth, typically Dutch machine called the Gooier. While the brewery doesn’t actually own this towering structure, the stamps on the labels of its notoriously potent beers – which are all available from its onsite taproom – all feature the Gooier.
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Sun:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Mon:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Tue:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Wed:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Thu:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Fri:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Sat:
2:00 pm - 8:00 pm

Atmosphere:

Local, Architectural Landmark

Anne Frank Huis

Museum
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© Ralf Schulze / Flickr
During the Nazi occupation of Amsterdam, Anne Frank and her family hid in a secret apartment in de Jordaan. In spite of their efforts, they were eventually captured and sent to concentration camps. After the war, these concealed chambers were converted into a museum that is dedicated to Anne Frank, her family and other victims of the Holocaust.
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Sun:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm
Mon:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm
Tue:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm
Wed:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm
Thu:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm
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9:00 am - 10:00 pm
Sat:
9:00 am - 10:00 pm

Het Schip

In 1919, influential Dutch architect Michel de Klerk designed a new, low-income residential complex in western Amsterdam. To honour the city’s working class, de Klerk devised an elaborate building employing motifs and gestures that are now commonly associated with the Amsterdamse School Architecture. This building’s central office was converted into the Amsterdamse School Museum in 2001.

Het Schip, now the Amsterdamse School Museum

Rembrandt House Museum, Amsterdam

Museum
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Rembrandt House Museum, Amsterdam
Rembrandt House Museum, Amsterdam | © en.wiki / WikiCommons
For 19 years of his adult life, Dutch master Rembrandt van Rijn lived in a small townhouse near Amsterdam’s Zuiderkerk. He worked and taught at this location until unfortunately bankruptcy forced him to stop. During the early part of the 20th century, this house was converted into a museum, which now features several exhibitions dedicated to Rembrandt and his students.
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Sun:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Mon:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tue:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wed:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Thu:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Fri:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
Sat:
10:00 am - 6:00 pm

Begijnhof

This picturesque courtyard and chapel is hidden behind Spui Square in central Amsterdam. Before the Reformation, this property was owned by a Catholic convent, but it eventually fell into the hands of Amsterdam’s municipality. In 1607, its chapel was ceded to an English-speaking Protestant congregation, and the church has remained active ever since.

The Begijnhof chapel and courtyard offers a peaceful oasis in the city
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