How the Brothers Grimm Shaped Modern Fairy Tales

A painting of Little Red Riding Hood
A painting of Little Red Riding Hood | © Carl Larsson – Bukowskis / WikiCommons
Alice Dundon

Over two centuries ago, two German librarians with a passion for linguistics and oral history published a collection of tales that have truly stood the test of time. They were the Brothers Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm, and their fairy tales – originally known as Children’s and Household Tales – has become among the most influential folklore in Germany and eventually the world.

Loved by over 40s

The first edition and its many changes

The Grimm Brothers never set out to be famous folklorists; instead, they viewed themselves as collectors and literary historians. Originally the pair set out to record and anthologize the oral history in German-speaking countries and the natural poetry of the people. They wanted to record the sagas, epic stories and tales that were passed down through the generations. As such the pair relied heavily on oral and some written accounts from friends and informants to document these tales.

Their first edition, Children’s and Household Tales (Kinder und Hausmärchen), which was particularly bizarre and brutal, was intended as a collection of stories about children and families rather than stories for children. The tales, according to the Grimm brothers, demonstrated the moral compass of the time, with stories that they felt needed to be preserved before they were lost. In their efforts, the brothers contributed a rich and unique catalogue of folklore, which was eventually listed by UNESCO World Heritage in its Memory of the World Registry. Children’s and Household Tales also inspired many folklorists around this time in Europe and the United Kingdom to gather and preserve their own stories.

Frontispiece and decorative title page of 1819 edition of Brothers Grimm Kinder- und Hausmarchen, illustrated by Ludwig Emil Grimm, engraved by L. Haas

Despite its impact, the Brothers Grimm weren’t content with this first edition, largely because its notoriety resulted in many people sending the Grimms their own versions of the tales as told by their families, which allowed the brothers to compare and combine the stories. Between 1812 and 1857, seven editions of the tales were released and each one was different from the last. By the time the final edition was released the tales had been drastically changed from their original, blunt form. Many of the stories progressed to reflect Christian morals and the role of evil mothers were swapped for stepmothers, while other tales were cut out altogether. Ultimately, by the seventh edition, the tales had been sufficiently altered to fit a less gruesome and violent taste.

Alexander Zick illustrated Cinderella with the doves, inspired by the Grimms’ version

The Grimm Brothers’ influence and modern fairy tales

The Grimm anthology has been a continual source of inspiration for artists, writers, composers and fellow folklorists. W.H Auden even praised the collection as one of the founding works of Western culture. It’s easy to understand why, as the tales themselves have been put to many uses and the Brothers Grimm masterfully curated some of the most popular fairy tales to date. Many have since been Disneyfied and pulled into the modern world with further rescripting; however, their core essence remains the same.

Monument to Brothers Grimm on the marketplace in Hanau

The influence the Brothers Grimm had on modern fairy tales is evident. However, their process also lends an insight into how folklore and fairy tales reflect the opinions and morale of their time. Throughout their process the duo changed and updated their stories, which is a shift that can also be felt in the popular Disney tales. Films like Moana and Frozen are bringing women into the forefront of the story, not as princesses or characters that need to be saved, rather as strong and independent women. Similar to how the Brothers Grimm listened to criticism, the modern fairy tales of Disney are reshaping their narratives to suit a contemporary perspective on women and equality.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.