From ancient constructions dating back to the 1500s to modern architectural marvels, the city of Luxembourg is filled with impressive buildings and is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts and history buffs alike.
The European Court of Justice is the highest court in the European Union and it is located in the Kirchberg Plateau, just east of Luxembourg City. Originally constructed in 1973, the building has undergone a number of facelifts and additions. The architect of the fourth extension, Dominique Perrault, explained his thought process behind the use of such a striking gold colour on the twin towers: ‘I thought the sky over Luxembourg is often so sad that it would be nice, somehow, to catch the sun and bring it here’.
Luxembourg City Hall (Hôtel de Ville de Luxembourg) was built in the 1830s by French architect Justin Rémont. It was built using materials from a deconstructed 13th-century Franciscan monastery, which stood in its place centuries before. The City Hall, located on Place Guillaume II, now serves as the centre of local government and is used as the private office of the Mayor of Luxembourg City.
This beautiful building, designed by architect Jean-Pierre Koenig and constructed in 1913, serves as the headquarters of the Luxembourg Savings Bank BCEE (Spuerkeess). This impressive structure is located on Place de Metz and overlooks the famous Adolphe Bridge.
Formerly known as the Arbed building, 19 Liberté was acquired by the Luxembourg Savings Bank BCEE (Spuerkeess) in 2014 for a whopping 94 million euros. This iconic building was constructed between 1920 and 1922 and originally served as the headquarters for steel firm ArcelorMittal. 19 Liberté is listed as a national monument within the heart of Luxembourg City.
In 2002, the European Investment Bank held an anonymous international competition for architects and designers who pitched their ideas for the bank’s east building. The competition was won by German architect Christoph Ingenhoven, whose design encompassed EIB’s philosophy of transparency and environmental stewardship. It was the first building in continental Europe, and one of the first in the world, to be awarded the UK’s BREEAM Bespoke ‘high environmental quality’ certification with a ‘very good’ rating.
Originally built in 1572, the Grand Ducal Palace (Palais Grand-Ducal) is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and his family. It is here that the Grand Duke performs his duties as head of state of the Grand Duchy and hosts dignitaries and foreign heads of state. The solemn changing of the guards takes place outside the palace once a month between June and September.
Located in the Kirchberg district, this impressive structure was erected in 2006 atop the ruins of an abandoned fortress and beside another. The museum, also known as MUDAM, was designed by Ieoh Ming Pei, the Chinese-American architect behind the glass pyramid at the Louvre. The building caused a great deal of controversy and strife within the Grand Duchy due to its strikingly modern appearance. Although it is called a modern art museum, the budget did not allow for acquiring a modernist collection. Instead, MUDAM is home to contemporary art pieces by 100 artists including Andy Warhol, Bruce Nauman and Julian Schnabel.
Like its French counterpart, the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg does not disappoint. Constructed between 1613 and 1621, the Notre-Dame Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame) is the only cathedral in all of Luxembourg. Interior features include columns decorated with arabesques, stained glass from the 19th and 20th centuries and neo-Gothic confessionals. The crypt within is the resting place of John the Blind, King of Bohemia, the Count of Luxembourg and deceased members of the Grand Ducal Family.
St. Michael’s Church (Église Saint-Michel) is the oldest existing religious site in Luxembourg City. The origins of the church date back to 987 and its present structure dates back to 1519. It combines elements of Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque architecture and is truly a historic edifice.
The Philharmonie Luxembourg, also referred to as The Grande-Duchesse Joséphine-Charlotte Concert Hall, is a concert hall located in the Kirchberg Plateau. This impressive building was commissioned in 1997 after Luxembourg was nominated as the European Capital of Culture. At the time, the city had no concert hall. The hall officially opened in 2005 and now plays hosts to nearly 400 performances each year.