10 Things You Didn't Know About Luxembourg

Discover 10 unique and surprising facts about Luxembourg
Discover 10 unique and surprising facts about Luxembourg | © djedj / Pixabay
Lindsay Drake

Luxembourg may be one of the world’s smallest countries, but there is a lot the rest of the world doesn’t know about it! From its award-winning wine and food to its ancient network of underground tunnels, there is much more to Luxembourg than meets the eye. Here’s a list of interesting facts about this tiny European nation that may surprise you.

Luxembourg has three official languages

Luxembourgers are typically tri-lingual, with the country having three official languages: German, French, and Luxembourgish or Lëtzebuergesch, which has much the same syntax and grammar as German. Students in Luxembourg are taught all three languages in school, being first taught in Luxembourgish, then in German in primary school, followed by the French curriculum in secondary school. While German and French are often used for administrative purposes, Luxembourgish is generally used in conversations.

The cuisine is a fusion of French and German

Luxembourg’s cuisine is heavily influenced by both French and German food traditions. Local delicacies include potato pancakes (gromper keeschelche), plum tart (quetsche tort), and green bean soup with potatoes, bacon and onion (Bouneschlupp). Luxembourg’s national dish of Judd mat Gaardebounen is smoked pork collar soaked in water overnight and boiled with vegetables and spices. It is often served with a side dish of potatoes and broad beans, and a bottle of the beer from Luxembourg, the Diekirch.

Luxembourg has the highest rate of car ownership in the world

Luxembourgers own the most cars

Luxembourg has the highest rate of car ownership in the world, with an average of 647 car owners for every 1,000 inhabitants. This is far from surprising when considering that nearly half of the country’s workforce are cross-border workers from Belgium, France, and Germany.

The first EU leader to marry a same-sex partner

Luxembourg’s prime minister, Xavier Bettel, was the first European Union leader to marry someone of the same sex when he married his partner, Gauthier Destenay in 2015. The previous year, 83 per cent of the population voted in favour of same-sex marriage.

Crémant is one of Luxembourg’s most famous wines

Luxembourg produces award-winning wines

Crémant de Luxembourg, a high-quality sparkling wine, won 22 gold medals in the Crémant Awards in 2015. It is produced in the wine region of Moselle in a traditional way, similar to Champagne. The wine goes through two fermentation cycles, with the second requiring nine months of maturing in the bottle. A full list of the most recent award-winning varieties can be found here. While Bordeaux and Burgundy in France, also produce this type of wine, Luxembourg has them beat with the most awards won.

It has the second-highest GDP in the world

From an economic standpoint, Luxembourg has the world’s second-highest GDP per capita, just behind Qatar, at nearly €93,000. It also boasts the highest minimum wage in Europe, and the second-highest in the world, at €1,923 per month. Unemployment in Luxembourg is the lowest in all of Europe and has been for 40 years.

Numerous festivities and celebrations are held throughout the country on National Day

The Grand Duchess’s birthday was changed

Luxembourg’s National Day is celebrated annually on 23 June and is meant to recognise the birthday of Grand Duchess, Charlotte. However, her actual birthday was 23 January but the date was changed and celebrations were shifted to the summer for the more favourable weather conditions. Now, National Day is celebrated throughout the country with fireworks, live music and other outdoor festivities.

Nearly half of Luxembourg’s population are immigrants

Of Luxembourg’s entire population of 525,000 inhabitants, 43 per cent consist of foreign residents. Luxembourg boasts the highest percentage of expatriates of all European countries and is home to people from over 170 different nationalities. Portuguese residents constitute the largest percentage of the foreign population, at over 15 per cent.

Casemates du Bock and stone bridge in Luxembourg

Ancient tunnels under the city

Archaeological site

There is a 17km-long underground tunnel network deep beneath the capital city. At some points, the tunnels penetrate up to 40 metres inside the rock face. The tunnels and fortresses were originally built in 1644 and earned Luxembourg the title of “Gibraltar of the North”. The Bock Casemates are now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and remain open to the public for guided tours from March until September.

Restaurant Chiggeri has the world's longest wine list

Wine Bar, Wine Seller, French, European, Vegetarian

The restaurant with the world’s longest wine list is in Luxembourg City. Restaurant Chiggeri has a wine list of over 1,746 labels which landed it a coveted spot in the Guinness Book of World Records in 2009.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.