Atlantis of the Sands: The Myth and Rediscovery of the Ancient City of Shisr

The ancient city of Ubar, Shisr, in the Dhofar region, Oman
The ancient city of Ubar, Shisr, in the Dhofar region, Oman | © CL-Medien / Shutterstock
Ismael David

Spread across Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman and the UAE, the so-called Empty Quarter in the desert hides the secrets of civilisations lost millennia ago. A trip toward the Omani side of this terrain takes visitors on a journey tread by merchants before biblical times and remembered in the poetry of the Sultanate’s Bedouin tribes.

Stretching across the Arabian Peninsula, appearing almost as a giant patch of brown on most maps of the world, is a massive desert known as the Empty Quarter or the Rub Al Khali. This harsh wasteland’s name is descriptive, and seemingly nothing survives here except the hardy Bedouin tribes and camels that call it home – it is the largest area of continuous sand on Earth. For centuries, underneath this tremendous blanket of sand, slept ruined cities forgotten to all but the poems recited by these nomads.

Other lost cities were preserved only in religious scriptures, often praised for their size and riches, only to perish with time. Many of their names have troubled archeologists for years, such as Qaryat Al Faw, Kindah and Iram. Researchers and adventurers were left asking themselves the same questions time and again: how could a city survive – let alone thrive – in this ocean of sand?

Remains in the ancient city of Ubar, Shisr, in Oman’s Dhofar region

The answer can be found in the Sultanate of Oman, where one such city was unearthed several years ago and remains open to visitors looking to see into a world dominated by merchant caravans and an ancient trade network that spanned the Arabian Peninsula and beyond.

Located 180 kilometres (112 miles) north of evergreen Salalah, the oasis of Shisr, whose inhabitants today live in a small village, is also the site of ancient ruins that were once home to a splendid ancient city built by the frankincense trade. As one of the most valuable commodities in antiquity, frankincense was highly prized among the Romans, Egyptians and other civilisations, who used it in numerous religious rituals. Luckily for many enterprising merchants, frankincense comes from trees of the genus Boswellia, and can only be found in a handful of modern countries: Ethiopia, Yemen, Somalia, Oman and Sudan.

Shishr was discovered among a long stretch of desert

As a result, more than 3,000 years before the birth of Christ, cities connected to the frankincense trade flourished, including Shisr. Yet despite that prosperity, Shisr, like many similar cities in ancient Arabia, would vanish centuries ago. It reemerged only in 1991, when a team of researchers used NASA’s Challenger radar system to discover hints of the ancient city beneath the sands of Dhofar’s northern desert. Later on, expeditions uncovered ruins dating back to 1,000 BC, with fortress walls found to have been built over a limestone cave. Archaeologists believe that the collapse of the limestone cave ultimately led to the city’s destruction.

Since it was rediscovered, archaeologists have identified Shisr as Ubar, the ancient desert city christened the ‘Atlantis of the Sands’ by T E Lawrence. For decades before the discovery of Shisr, expeditions were launched in search of Ubar to no avail. Today, these ruins remain a reminder of Ancient Arabia and the men and women who searched long and hard to bring its secrets to us.

Culture Trips launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes places and communities so special.

Our immersive trips, led by Local Insiders, are once-in-a-lifetime experiences and an invitation to travel the world with like-minded explorers. Our Travel Experts are on hand to help you make perfect memories. All our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

All our travel guides are curated by the Culture Trip team working in tandem with local experts. From unique experiences to essential tips on how to make the most of your future travels, we’ve got you covered.

Culture Trip Spring Sale

Save up to $1,656 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

X
close-ad
Edit article