The Brazilian flag is bright green with a yellow diamond in the center filled with a blue globe. Within the blue globe are some stars – 27 to be exact – and a white banner with the country’s slogan: Ordem e Progresso, which means Order and Progress.
The flag that represents Brazil today used to be different during the Brazilian Empire. The center of the flag had an imperial symbol with a blue circle and stars neatly inside. This was later replaced with the blue globe with stars closer resembling a constellation.
There is a legend that the yellow represents the wealth of the country – in particular the Brazilian soil and the country’s gold reserve – and the green stands for the extensive nature, fauna and flora that Brazil is home to, especially the Amazon rainforest and the Pantanal. Romantic though this may be, it’s sadly not true – the green actually represents the royal house Braganza, while the yellow represents the house of Habsburg.
During the Brazilian Empire, Brazil had a different flag and the colors had different meanings. The blue and white of the past flag represented the Virgin Mary, highlighting the country’s deep roots in the Catholic religion.
The flag we know today was made official on November 19, 1889. This was four days after Brazil became a republic.
Sometimes the flag is referred to as Auriverde. This is a word to describe golden-green, referencing the flag’s colors.
The stars are a symbolic part of the flag. They represent the constellations in the southern hemisphere and show how they were seen from Rio de Janeiro during the early hours of the morning on November 15, 1889, the day the country shifted from an empire to a republic.
The flag was modified to have 21 stars, copying the United States of America in having a star that represents each of its states. Over the years, large states were divided to create smaller states and, as a result, the flag has undergone some changes to keep up to date. The most recent modification was on May 11, 1992, when an extra four stars were added. Nowadays, the Brazilian flag has a total of 27 stars.
The slogan – Ordem e Progresso (Order and Progress) – was the underlying theme in Latin America for having a successful democracy. Brazilian politicians considered that democracy was the best way to govern a country, yet in order for it to work it needs an educated population (order) and forward movement in the economy and material trade (progress).