Known more for its deep river valleys and coasts, rather than its mountain ranges, the Pico da Neblina mountain in the north of the country, is Brazil’s tallest peak. At its summit, you will be at 2995 meters (9827 feet).
Similar to some of the mountains between the borders of Chile, Argentina and Bolivia, the border between Venezuela and Brazil runs right through the center of the mountain. The peak of the mountains happens to lie just on the side of Brazil, allowing the country to stake claim to it.
In fact, the distance between the border and the peak is so close, that if it ran 687 meters (2254 feet) closer to the Venezuelan side, it would be the country with ownership over the mountain, not Brazil.
The name Pico da Neblina is Portuguese for Peak of Mist, or Mist Peak, as the mountaintop is often surrounded by a foggy haze or mist that floats just over the treetops of the jungle, often circling the summit.
Due to its extremely remote location, the fact that it’s a lone peak in a river basin, and the blanketing mist that gave the mountain its name, Pico da Neblina remained undiscovered until the 1950s, centuries after the majority of Brazil had been thoroughly mapped.
The discovery date of the mountain was not accurately documented, but the first ascent of the mountain occurred in 1965 by an expedition led by the Brazilian Army.
It is possible to ascend the mountain, however because of its remote location in the Amazon, the starting point is about 180 kilometers away from the base of the mountain, in the closest town of São Gabriel da Cachoeira.
Mist Peak is located in the Pico da Neblina National Park, which connects with the Parima Tapirapecó National Park, Venezuela’s largest national park, covering a staggering 38,290 square kilometers (15,000 square miles).
A Brazilian photographer, Robson Czaban, reported on an expedition that he ran into some gold panners, who occupy a plateau known as Garimpo do Tucano. Even though their activity would be classified as illegal, the authorities turn a blind eye, as the workers tend to also act as a sort of border surveillance.
As imagined, being in such dense, humid jungle, the threat of disease and infection is rampant. A blinding disease known as Onchocerciasis can be, although irregularly, transmitted from black flies, while malaria and yellow fever are also risky possibility when traversing through this region.