A Brief History of Detroit’s Eight Mile Wall

The Eight Mile Wall
The Eight Mile Wall | © Király-Seth / WikiCommons

Just south of 8 Mile Rd in the Wyoming neighborhood, there’s a wall running north to south for 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers). It’s six feet (1.8 meters) high and a foot (0.3 meters) wide, sitting between two rows of houses, and it appears to be a pretty ordinary wall. Today, however, it stands as a reminder of Detroit’s struggles with racial segregation.

With the founding of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) in 1934, racial tensions and the already charged issue of housing in the city became even worse. African-American areas were deprived of investment via the FHA’s policy of “redlining,” which meant to grant or deny services based on race, with white areas being granted development while black ones were denied.

The Eight Mile area was particularly bad for redlined African-American neighborhoods, but the Housing Authorities saw the potential for developing white, middle-class communities there. Developers drew up plans; however, the FHA thought the new white area was too close to a black one and that their policies alone were not enough to separate the white and black communities.

In response, a physical solution to enforce segregation was proposed, and the Eight Mile Wall, or Detroit’s Berlin Wall or Wailing Wall as it’s sometimes known, was constructed in 1941.

The Eight Mile Wall in 1941

Running north from Van Antwerp Park to just below 8 Mile Rd (except for two gaps which allow roads to pass through) between Birwood St and Mendota St, the wall was deemed sufficient separation for the FHA to agree to approve loans on the white side. It remained this way for over 20 years until such racist policies were removed in the 1960s.

While not many things push the idea of segregation more than a wall, whether that’s the previously mentioned Berlin Wall or Donald Trump’s proposed Mexico border wall, and despite the areas on both sides of the wall being predominantly African American since the 1970s, the wall has remained. A few years ago, rather than knock it down, the community decided to repurpose it.

https://www.instagram.com/p/BYqvOuwgJFh/?tagged=birwoodwall

An exposed stretch of the wall in the Alfonso Wells Memorial Playground is now covered with colorful murals celebrating African-American culture, the Civil Rights Movement, equality and more. And the combination of the pride and progress depicted in the art, and the harsh reminder of the canvas, has made it a potent symbol of both Detroit’s past and its ongoing struggles.

The Eight Mile Wall

Culture Trips launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes places and communities so special.

Our immersive trips, led by Local Insiders, are once-in-a-lifetime experiences and an invitation to travel the world with like-minded explorers. Our Travel Experts are on hand to help you make perfect memories. All our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.?>

All our travel guides are curated by the Culture Trip team working in tandem with local experts. From unique experiences to essential tips on how to make the most of your future travels, we’ve got you covered.

Culture Trip Spring Sale

Save up to $1,100 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

X
close-ad
Edit article