Swearing on WhatsApp
Swearing in public is completely prohibited in the UAE with the use of the ‘F-word’ being seen as a crime, as it “disgraces the honour or the modesty” of person according to Article 373 of the UAE Penal Code. As a result, swearing is punishable by up to a year in prison and a fine as high as Dhs 10,000 (USD$2,723). Flashing your middle finger, which is considered an “indecent gesture” that breaches “a victim’s pride, privacy and/or modesty,” will result in deportation.
This extends to your online activity; using swear words in WhatsApp messages, or any social media or messaging platform for that matter, breaches UAE’s cyber laws. This includes sending emojis of the aforementioned “indecent gestures.” You can face a fine of up to Dhs 250,000 (USD$68,074), a prison sentence or deportation.
Checking someone’s phone
It is illegal in the UAE to “invade the privacy of another person” using computer networks or social media. This can lead to a a minimum six-month jail sentence and a fine between Dhs 100,000 to Dhs 500,000 (USD$27,229 to USD$136,147).
A surprising case hit the headlines in 2016 when a woman in Ajman was accused of breaching her husband’s privacy after transferring photos from his phone to hers via WhatsApp. She later accused him of having an affair. As well as being fined Dhs 150,000 (USD$40,844), the woman was deported.
Eating or drinking on public transport
Eating and drinking is completely banned on all forms of public transport and their stations; from metros and buses to pedestrian crossings. Getting caught consuming food and beverages can make your wallet Dhs 100 (USD$27) lighter.
Carrying food containing poppy seeds
Poppy seeds are a source of opium and heroin and are therefore a banned substance in the UAE. Being caught in possession of poppy seeds is a serious violation and results in a jail sentence.
Raising money for charitable causes close to your heart is a tricky business in the UAE. Fundraising must first be approved by the Islamic Affairs and Charitable Activities Department (IACAD), otherwise publicising the fundraiser and appealing for donations with permission breaches the UAE’s Charity Law. This can lead to imprisonment, fines of between Dhs 250,000 and Dhs 500,000 (USD$68,074 and USD$136,147), and even deportation.
Using a VPN
As per the UAE’s cybercrime laws, VPN users can face fines ranging between Dhs 500,000 and Dhs 2 million (USD$136,147 and USD$544,588) if they are “using a false IP address or a third-party address by any other means for the purpose of committing a crime or preventing its discover.” So whether you are trying to access a restricted or blocked site or downloading copyrighted material, for example, you are risking facing a hefty fine.
Having a dirty car
With the frequent sandstorms in the UAE, you would think you’d be forgiven for having a dusty car. However, dirty cars are seen to be “disfiguring the city image and public health.” As a result, they are routinely towed away with owners being slapped with fines and impound fees of Dhs 3,000 (USD$817).
Washing your car
While not washing your car can get you into serious trouble in the UAE, washing your car “incorrectly” can as well. You are prohibited from washing your cars in residential areas or employing labourers or watchmen to wash your cars. These ‘casual’ car washes “distort the city’s beautiful image” as well as being environmentally hazardous, as the dirty water pollutes the streets and sewers. Instead, you have to take your car to proper facilities like those at petrol stations and the car parks of shopping malls.
Taking photos of people without their permission
This is a very serious offence that has caught out several locals and tourists alike. The UAE is very strict about preserving the privacy of individuals and, therefore, taking a picture of someone without their knowledge or consent, is taken very seriously. This is further exacerbated if you post these images on social media platforms. According to the cyber crime laws, you can be fined up to Dhs 500,000 (USD$136,147) and jailed for six months for the offence, although in practice, the sentences are much harsher with various expatriates and visitors suffering deportation.
One infamous case was that of Jodi Magi, an Australian teacher who was jailed, fined Dhs 10,000 (USD$2,723) and deported after posting an image of a vehicle parked across two disabled parking spots to her personal Facebook page.
Snapping and sharing photos of road or aviation accidents
Taking pictures in general is a risky business in the UAE. As well as not taking pictures of military buildings, courts and palaces, you are not permitted to take any pictures of road accidents you see on your journeys. This can set you back between Dhs 50,000 and Dhs 3 million (USD$13,615 and USD$816,882), and leave you at risk of deportation. This extends to aviation accidents – posting images and videos on social media platforms is completely prohibited.
Making and spreading ‘rumours’
Possibly the most bizarre, and ambiguous, offence on this list, anything construed as a ‘rumour’ is punishable under UAE law. Gossiping, especially on social media, can result in a three-year jail sentence and a fine of up to Dhs 1 million (USD$272,294). Intending to crack down on those who “damage the social peace and public order,” and pose a threat to “national peace,” the UAE has very strict laws about the spreading of news online.
This was brought to light after the 2016 floods when photos and videos of the damage caused by the heavy rain and strong winds were circulated widely on social media platforms. These were denounced as ‘rumours’ and it was declared that discussing the storm and sharing negative photos was illegal.