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10 Movies About the Holocaust You Have to See

10 Movies About the Holocaust You Have to See

Picture of Ieva Matiejunaite
Updated: 13 December 2015
That the tragedy of the Holocaust should never be forgotten has been the motive behind countless pieces of art and monument, from visceral paintings depicting life in concentration camps to compelling poetry revealing the hardships endured by all. Here, we take a look at one of the most prolific art forms to have ever commemorated the Holocaust: film.

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas (2008)

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a story seen through the innocent eyes of Bruno, the eight-year-old son of the commandant of a concentration camp, who forms a friendship with a Jewish boy on the other side of the camp fence. The movie is based on the novel of the same name by Irish writer John Boyne. It is a brilliant film about the lines that divide us and the innocence of childhood as opposed to the cruelties of war in an adult world.

The Pianist (2002)

The Pianist, directed by Roman Polanski and starring Adrien Brody, is a film about Polish-Jewish musician Wladyslaw Szpilman, who struggles to survive the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto during WWII. This critically acclaimed movie won three Oscars, a Palme d’Or and many other significant awards to boot – a must see for anyone interested in the Holocaust’s representation in film.

Schindler’s List (1993)

Chronicling the volt-face moral changes of Nazi entrepreneur Oskar Schindler, this memorable movie garnered countless awards and accolades following its release in 1993. The story is one of both suffering and hope, pitting the dark and harrowing evil of figures like Amon Goeth against the eventual emotional involvement of the protagonist, played here fantastically by Liam Neeson.

Life is Beautiful (1997)

This compelling work by Italian comedian, actor and director Roberto Benigni combines the elements of tragedy and comedy in order to reveal the realities of the Holocaust. Benigni himself plays Guido Orefice, a Jewish Italian bookshop owner who must employ his imagination to shield his son from the horrors of a Nazi concentration camp. A curious amalgam of laughter and sobering moments ensues and the film eventually won no less than three academy awards!

The Counterfeiters (2007)

The Counterfeiters is a film about Operation Bernhard, the largest counterfeiting operation in history, carried out by Germany during WWII. The operation was a secret plan by Nazi Germany to destabilize the United Kingdom by flooding its economy with forged Bank of England pound notes. The film is based on a memoir written by Adolf Burger, a Jewish Slovak typographer who was imprisoned in 1942 for forging baptismal certificates to save Jews from deportation, and was later interned at a concentration camp to work on Operation Bernhard.

Sophie’s Choice (1982)

This film, starring a young Meryl Streep (who won an Academy Award for Best Actress for it), is about a Polish immigrant called Sophie who shares a boarding house in Brooklyn with her lover, Nathan, and a young writer, Stingo. They seem to be leading a happy and careless life but as the movie progresses flashbacks to the past bring back Sophie’s horrible memories of a Nazi concentration camp and the hard choices she had to make in order to survive.

Europa Europa (1990)

This film, directed by Polish director Agnieszka Holland, is based on the 1989 autobiography of Solomon Perel, a German Jewish boy who escaped the Holocaust by masquerading as an elite “Aryan” German. (Perel even appears briefly as himself in the finale of the movie). Overall, it tells a brilliant story and deservedly won the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

Divided We Fall (2000)

Divided We Fall is a Czech film directed by Jan Hřebejk. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The film tells the story of a childless couple in Nazi Germany who agree to hide a Jewish friend at great personal risk of discovery and execution. The movie takes a complex look at WWII and the holocaust, skilfully balancing dark humor and horror at different moments throughout.

The Pawnbroker (1964)

This movie tells the story of Jewish pawnbroker Sol Nazerman, who was a victim of Nazi persecution and saw his family tortured and killed in a concentration camp. He loses all faith in his fellow men and lives a bitter and friendless life numbed by the horrors of the past, only realising the tragedy of his actions too late. The movie was adapted from the novel of the same name by Edward Lewis Wallant.

The Diary of Anne Frank (1959)

This heart-breaking story is based on the iconic personal diary of young Jewish girl Anne Frank (known as The Diary of a Young Girl), who, together with her family and friends, was forced into hiding in an attic in a Nazi-occupied Amsterdam. The diary was published after the end of the war by her father, Otto Frank, since he was the only surviving member of the family. The Diary of Anne Frank is another film that brilliantly depicts the sad hopefulness of an innocent child in contrast to the horrors and inhumanity of war all around.

By Ieva Matiejunaite