First founded as a Jesuit church, the Notre-Dame Cathedral stands today as the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Luxembourg City and is the only cathedral in the entire country. Its cornerstone was laid when the late Gothic style of architecture was taking over Europe, and the influence of this form is seen here in the many pointed arches and ribbed vaults. The cathedral also features many examples of Renaissance architecture, and at the end of the 18th century, it received a ginormous and beautiful image of the Maria Consolatrix Afflictorum, the patron saint of both the city and the nation. Expanded in recent times, the Notre-Dame Cathedral houses the remains of several members of the Grand-Ducal family, including John of Bohemia, Marie-Adélaide the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, and Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium.
Also known as the Protestant Church, Trinity Church has continually been used for Protestant purposes in Luxembourg City since 1817. The first chapel of the region was built on this spot in 1313 before being expanded and then destroyed, meaning this area was widely regarded as a sacred and holy site before the construction of Trinity Church began. Seized and used as a theater during the French Revolution, the building is an arresting and idyllic setting in which to relax, worship and explore, and features ornate fittings, beautiful stained glass windows, and a richly decorated entrance.
Located in Fishmarket in southern Luxembourg, Saint Michael’s Church is the oldest religious building in Luxembourg City. Built in 987 as the chapel of the Count of Luxembourg, the structure has been destroyed and renovated several times, and currently, emanates a Gothic appearance dating from 1519. This site still operates as a popular place of city worship despite its old age. Beautiful artwork adorns the walls here, and you may be lucky enough to wander in during one of the melodic organ recitals, wondrous and grand affairs which occur regularly.
A truly unique architectural spectacle, St. Peter and Paul Church is the first Russian Orthodox Church in Luxembourg. Its unique exterior is characterized by the Orthodox tradition of vivid patterns and mixes neutral colors such as white with more stark, daring ones, including bright reds and bold blues. The gold and blue roof domes here feature ornate golden crosses, and the overall design draws on grand images of the Kremlin in Moscow. The church was built in 1979 at the request of Archbishop Anthony Bartoshevich and has been under the care of priest Sergey Pukh ever since.
Constructed on a site which was considered by the Romans to be a magical Christian sanctuary, Quirinus Chapel is set in an area which is not easily reachable, surrounded by dense forestry and rocky gorges. Since the 11th century the spot has been consecrated to Saint Quirin, and for over 800 years services have been held in the two caves of the chapel. Renowned as a mystical site, a rock source can be found here which, as local lore has it, exudes water with magical powers. The structure displays Gothic stylistic features and is partly hewn into the surrounding rock, adding to its spooky, other-worldly atmosphere. Erected in 1355, the roof and charming bell towers were added at the end of the 19th century.
Rue Saint Quirin, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, +352 24786652
Erected in 1606, the stylistic appearance currently exhibited by St Jean du Grund dates from 1688-1705 and is characterized by a grand, vaulted ceiling, high windows, tall pillars and Baroque furniture. Enjoying a lovely position by the river, the church’s interior will leave you speechless. Although not overly decorated, it is widely revered as one of the most beautiful religious sites in Luxembourg City. Don’t miss the exquisite organ dating from the 18th century, and the stunning icon of a black Madonna, located in the side chapel.
Recently founded in the 20th century, Paroisse du Sacré-Coeur might boast a lesser history than other churches in Luxembourg City, but it still has plenty to offer the inquisitive traveler. Its interior is comprised of three beautiful naves and one transept and features a 10-meter-high watercolor painting situated at the bottom of the main choir, a stunning illustration of Christ as he prepares for his crucifixion. The church stands by an aim to both help locals and to give to the underprivileged, and with this in mind it operates a highly successful musical program in conjunction with several youth associations, and hosts events which raise money for various charities.
5 Rue Dicks, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, +352 4883691