A History of Isola Tiberina, Rome in 60 Seconds

It might be one of the world’s smallest inhabited islands, but Isola Tiberina is not short on history. Legend has it that this tiny isle was formed after angry ancient Romans threw the body of their tyrant leader, Tarquin the Proud, into the river Tiber. Today, the island’s charming cobbled streets, 10th-century basilica and summertime open-air cinema mean it deserves a spot on any tourist’s itinerary.

The island itself is shaped like a ship, and at one time even had a travertine limestone bow and hull (some sources say marble was also used). The ship-shaped additions were made to celebrate the story of how the Temple of Aesculapius, came to be built there.

Legend has it that a ship carrying a statue of Aesculapius, the Greek god of medicine and healing, was sailing up the Tiber river when a snake escaped and headed for the island – a sign from the god himself to build a temple there. The rod of Aesculapius, a wooden staff entwined with a snake, is still a symbol of medicine today – look out for a carving of it at the base of Ponte Cestio which links the island to Trastevere on the east side of the river.

Today, the Basilica of St Bartholomew stands on the site of the 3rd-century-BC temple. In keeping with the island’s association with healing, visitors can see the remains of an ancient well inside the church. Residents from across Rome would come here to be cured of ailments by the restorative powers of the water.

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Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

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