The Armenian language belongs to an Indo-European language group. The official language of Armenia was developed in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots and has its own writing system and alphabet. If you’re keen on learning some of its beautiful words, here’s our guide to help you out.
Nazeli (na-ze-li) / graceful, airy
The Armenian language is spoken by nearly 6.7 million people. The majority of these speakers live in Armenia, but the rest live in other countries, including Georgia and Russia. Iran has more than 100,000 Armenian speakers and a small minority of speakers live in Turkey too.
Hianali (Hi-ana-li) / wonderful, breathlessly beautiful
Armenian is a separate branch of the Indo-European languages; it didn’t derive from other languages, and there aren’t any languages that were derived from it. The language has a long literary history, and the fifth century Bible is the oldest surviving text.
Mtatselakerp (mta-tse-la-kerp) / mindset, mentality
It’s believed that the vocabulary of the Armenian language has been influenced by Iranian languages, especially Parthian, and to a minor degree by Greek, Syriac and Persian. Before formulating an Armenian alphabet, inhabitants used Greek and Aramaic characters. When the country adopted Christianity as its official religion, the need to create a native language to translate the Bible appeared.
Ankhusap (ankhu-sap) / inevitable
The original alphabet, created by Mesrop Mashtots, had 36 letters in the beginning. Mashtots traveled all across the country to collect sounds of the Armenian speech. During the Middle Ages, two new characters were added to the alphabet to write words adopted from foreign languages.
Anaratutiun (ana-ra-tu-ti-un) / innocence, purity
Over the centuries, the language experienced phonological and grammatical changes. Today, there are at least three different types of Armenian languages in use: Grabar, or Classical Armenian, is a scholarly version used by the Church; Western Armenian is spoken by Armenian diaspora abroad (primarily in America, Europe, and the Middle East); and Eastern Armenian is the official language of the Republic of Armenia. It must be noted that there’s little difference in Western and Eastern Armenian, thus they are quite understandable to each person speaking either of the dialects.
Knkush (knku-sh) / feminine, delicate
Besides Armenia, the Eastern Armenian language is also spoken in Iran and Russia by Armenians living in those territories. The Russian language is broadly known in Armenia, while English is gaining more influence, alongside German and French.
Hamest (ha-mest) / modest, humble
In the twentieth century, the two modern dialects, Western and Eastern, removed all of their Turkish words because of the Armenian Genocide that took place in 1915.
Hazaragandz (ha-za-ra-gandz) / precious, priceless
The Armenian language matches other Indo-European languages in its structure, although it has unique features and grammar compared with other languages of the Caucasus. The language is rich in sequences of consonants. Both classical and modern Armenian dialects have a complex structure of noun declensions, but no gender.
Gradaran (gra-da-ran) / library
In modern Armenian, the use of secondary verbs to show tense has generally enhanced the inflected verbs of Classical Armenian. It must be noted that negative verbs are conjugated differently compared to positive ones in many tenses.
Ashkhar (ash-khar) / world
In terms of grammar, the early forms of Armenian language had much in common with classical Latin and Greek, but the modern language has endured many changes, joining some analytic features.
Hokis (ho-kis) / soul
Classical Armenian has no gender, not even in its pronouns; however, there is a feminine suffix (-uhi). So for instance, usutsich (teacher) becomes usutschuhi (female teacher). Grammatically, the suffix does not affect the sentence.
Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip
meet our Local Insider
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN A GUIDE?
WHAT DO YOU LOVE ABOUT YOUR JOB?
It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.
WHAT DESTINATION IS ON YOUR TRAVEL BUCKET-LIST?
I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!
Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.
KEEN TO EXPLORE THE WORLD?
Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world
Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.
Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.
Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.
Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.
We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.