How the Guaria Morada Became Costa Rica's National Flower

A symbol of peace, love, and hope
A symbol of peace, love, and hope | © David Castillo/Flickr
Jenn Parker

Costa Rica is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, so you would probably expect its national flower to represent that. Well, you’re right: it does. The guaria morada, which translates to purple country girl, is an exquisite purple orchid that was chosen almost eighty years ago to be Costa Rica’s national flower.

So purple!

What it is

The guaria morada is a type of epiphyte, which means that it does not root in soil, but instead lives on another plant such as a tree. This type of orchid gets its sustenance from the air and rain. Costa Rica is home to over 1,500 different types of orchids, but this particular orchid stands out above the rest. The guaria morada flowers between January and April and produces vibrant purple flowers that can vary slightly in shade.

All shades of morada

This iconic orchid can be spotted in the wild, but it is rather difficult to see because it tends to be up in the trees. However, your best chance of seeing it is in the Central Valley region, especially along the Pacific side and in the pre-mountainous tropical forests. If you are really set on seeing the guaria morada and learning more about orchids in Costa Rica, the Lankester Botanical Gardens is your best bet, as they have the largest collection of orchids in Costa Rica.

In October every year, there is an orchid show in Alajuela, where the guaria morada and other native orchids of Costa Rica are on display. Both the orchid show and the Lankester Botanical Gardens are great places to learn all about the orchids of Costa Rica, as well as the efforts being made to protect them.

Monteverde is actually one of the most orchid-dense regions in the world. If you find yourself in the jungles of Costa Rica between January and April, don’t forget to look up; you might just spot the flashy purple flowers of the guaria morada or a number of other orchid species.

Look up, you’re in orchid country

Its significance in Costa Rican culture

Every year during lent and the week leading up to Easter, guaria moradas adorn the alters of the churches in Costa Rica. This exquisite orchid is believed to bring good fortune and luck as well as promote family harmony, peace, and love. Traditionally, Costa Ricans, especially in Cartago, Heredia, Santo Domingo, and Escazu, keep guaria moradas in their courtyards, homes, and even on their roofs.

Beautiful blooms

A day in history

While the guaria morada has been a sentimental and significant orchid in Costa Rican culture for far longer than its been a national flower, it wasn’t until 1939 that it was officially recognized as Costa Rica’s national flower. In 1937, there was a nationwide vote to choose the national flower. Horticulturalists, politicians, and even university students placed their votes. On June 15, 1939, former president Leon Cortes Castro declared the guaria morada to be the winner. Thirty three years later, a whole week in March was officially dedicated to the celebration of orchids in Costa Rica and in particular the guaria morada. Orchid week takes place during the second week of March every year when the guaria morada is in full bloom.

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.

Culture Trip Spring Sale

Save up to $1,100 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

X
Edit article