Ways That Northern and Southern Vietnam are Different

The northern and southern parts of Vietnam have a lot of notable differences
The northern and southern parts of Vietnam have a lot of notable differences | © David Noton Photography / Alamy Stock Photo
Photo of Matthew Pike
Writer5 September 2021

The same flag hangs from rusted metal poles no matter where you are in Vietnam – and Ho Chi Minh is never too far away – but the north and south are very different in many ways. Here are some of the ways you might think about getting another stamp in your passport after travelling through this diverse country.

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Language and Dialect

Tiếng Việt is the official language throughout Vietnam, but regional dialects tend to change it in significant ways. The north and south each use different words, phrases and phonetic elements, so sometimes they can’t understand each other. This is sometimes how the Vietnamese feel when they speak to somebody from another part of the country. It also makes the language difficult to learn if you live in the south since many apps and courses only teach the northern dialect.

The Rain

The rainy season in Vietnam lasts from May to November | © David Sutherland / Alamy Stock Photo

The rainy season in Vietnam lasts from May to November and during these months, you’re pretty well guaranteed a daily soaking. In the south, storms come in fast, with little more than a cold gust of wind to warn you. Downpours rarely last longer than a couple of hours, though. In the north, however, it tends to drizzle throughout the day. Either way, these months aren’t the best for travelling in either part of Vietnam.

Dry Season Temperatures

Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi | © Quang Vu / Alamy Stock Photo

The south of Vietnam is consistently hot – it almost never dips below 20C (68F) in Ho Chi Minh City, even at night. In the north, average temperatures drop to as low as 17C (63F) from January to March. During these months, you’ll see people in the north wearing thick winter jackets where the mornings are especially cold – even dipping into single-digit temperatures. Further north in the mountains, you’ll even see snow.


A classic Vietnamese coffee is served with condensed milk and ice | © Quang Ngo / Alamy Stock Photo

Life in the south would grind to a halt without iced coffees. The thick mixture of condensed milk and robusta beans – or black, with heaps of sugar – brings sweet relief from the relentless heat. In the north, coffee is less prevalent, and cafes are more difficult to find. Given the choice, many northerners would prefer a cup of tea. They share this affinity with their neighbours, the Chinese.

Daily Meals

You’ll want to sample street food in Ho Chi Minh City | © Ruby / Alamy Stock Photo

Generally speaking, northerners prefer noodles to rice. Many of Vietnam’s familiar noodle dishes, such as bún riêu, bún chả and phở originated in the north. The south produces more livestock, rice and fruits thanks to its warmer climate and largely agricultural region. Vietnamese throughout the country eat phở for breakfast, but later in the day – where southerners will typically eat rice with some combination of pork, seafood or egg at cơm tấm “broken rice” restaurants.


Shopping opps in Ho Chi Minh City include several malls | © Godong / Alamy Stock Photo

Fashion in the north is more subdued, with outward displays of ostentatious wealth seen as a negative trait of their southern relatives. You can, however, expect to see fine silks and quality tailored outfits.

With its countless boutique shops and foreign brands, Ho Chi Minh City is the fashion capital of Vietnam. And thanks to the booming economy, local fashion designers are thriving, too. Young people in the south could easily pass for teenagers in America, with their jeans and t-shirts. When a new style or brand appears in Ho Chi Minh City, it spreads quickly. Young people will wait in line for hours to be at the leading edge of fashion.

Fast Food

McDonald’s in Ho Chi Minh City – if you must | © Sergio Azenha / Alamy Stock Photo

Young people in the south also love American-style fast food. In the heart of any town, you’ll find some combination of KFC, Popeye’s, Lotteria or Burger King – there are even McDonald’s in Ho Chi Minh City now. These same fast food chains exist in the north, but they aren’t nearly as prevalent. For example, there’s approximately one Burger King for every 1.5m people in Hanoi. In Ho Chi Minh City, that number drops to one Burger King for every 500,000 people. You can see it in Vietnamese waistlines – and childhood obesity is also on the rise.


Bitexco Tower in Ho Chi Minh City | © John Michaels / Alamy Stock Photo

Vietnam’s institutional power resides in Hanoi. It’s where the government operates from, with representatives managing operations in the rest of the country. Though the bureaucratic strength lies in the north, Ho Chi Minh City is the economic powerhouse. If you are a young Vietnamese person and have a keen sense for business – or if you have ambitions for wealth – you’ll move to Ho Chi Minh City. When you chat with young people in Ho Chi Minh City, you find out just how many left their small towns in search of training and prosperity in the big city.


The Old Quarter of Hanoi is buzzing at night | © Ivan Okyere-Boakye Photography / Alamy Stock Photo

If you’re the type to stay out until the sun comes up, the south is where you want to be. In Ho Chi Minh City, many bars and clubs stay open all night. The infamous Bui Vien Street, in the backpackers’ area, never closes. However, in Hanoi, thanks to curfews and their more traditional ways, you’ll have to be more creative if you want to stay up all night and get wild. It’s more common for people in Hanoi to get together right after work, calling it a night at a responsible hour.


Ninh Binh Cave Valley by the Thai Vi temple is well worth a visit | © Asbjorn M Olsen / Alamy Stock Photo

While you’ll certainly find exceptions to this rule, southerners tend to be quick to smile, whereas northerners are seen as more aloof. From our experience, workers in hotels and restaurants in the north are polite, but also businesslike. They may not smile as much, but you can always count on them to help you. And after some time, you’ll crack through their shells and develop warm connections. In the south, you’ll find yourself sharing laughs with strangers within seconds.

Travel Destinations

Take a boat trip on the Mekong Delta if you can | © Curioso.Photography / Alamy Stock Photo

In the north, tourists come for both the natural beauty and the history. From Ha Long Bay to the endless winding roads through the mountains, the region is rich with awesome sights and remnants from days long gone. Tourism in the south is dominated by beaches and resorts – with Da Lat, Hoi An, and the Mekong Delta the most notable exceptions. Foreigners come from far and wide to lounge on the many pristine beaches in the south, most of which are a short drive — or a cheap flight — from Ho Chi Minh City.


A statue of Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi | © B.O'Kane / Alamy Stock Photo

Power in Vietnam has always been in the North — mostly in Hanoi and in Hue during the French colonial years. While Saigon may have more glitz, modern art and relics from the American War, it simply cannot compete with the north in terms of history.


The majority of foreigners living in Vietnam live in the south, mostly in and around Ho Chi Minh City – Koreans and Japanese top the list. They oversee many of the factories producing goods for overseas markets. In certain Ho Chi Minh City areas – Districts 2 and 7, most notably — foreigners almost outnumber the Vietnamese here. These areas are filled with businesses catering to their international tastes and styles. And with the recent push for English language training in every school, the number of foreign teachers in Vietnam continues to rise.

Street Food Vendors

A traditional way of life can be seen in Hoi An Ancient Town | © Quang Nguyen Vinh / Alamy Stock Photo

Street food is a regular part of life in Vietnam — cheap meals and snacks served to millions every day. In the south, vendors prefer aluminium carts, which may be due to many of them operating illegally. Waves of fleeing food carts are a regular sight in the south, with a police truck not far behind. Street vendors in the north are more traditional – still using bamboo sticks with wicker baskets slung off each side or modern versions made of welded steel.

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