Essential Phrases You'll Need in Thailand

Kimberlie Wong /
Kimberlie Wong / | © Culture Trip
Iona Proebst

Heading on holiday to Thailand? We’ve compiled a list of 21 “paa saa Thai” phrases that will help you get around. Learning a bit of the local lingo will not only make your travels easier, it will also enable you interact more with your local hosts. Yin Dee! (You’re welcome!)

This is our visitor’s guide to simple phrases while visiting Thailand and doing typical Thai things. We’ve also picked out our favourite experiences to book to make the most of your trip to this beautiful country.

1. Phi Phi Islands Adventure Day Trip

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This speedboat tour quickly takes you around the islands in a single day, making the Phi Phi archipelago a must-see while in Phuket. Swim over the Pileh Lagoon’s coral reefs, eat lunch at Phi Phi Leh, go snorkeling at Bamboo Island, and see Monkey Beach and Maya Bay—the locations of which were featured in “The Beach.” Included are boat transfers, refreshments, a buffet lunch, snorkeling gear, and hotel pickup and drop-off in Phuket. These limited tours also make it possible to see parts of Phi Phi that are otherwise difficult to get to due to passenger quotas. See the best of Thailand in this sustainable way.

Greetings and Essentials

It’s important to remember that, for each of the below Thai phrases, you will also need to add a gender marker at the end. This means that if you are female, you should finish your sentence with the word Ka (khaa), and if you are male, you should finish with the word Krup (khrap).

Sa Wat Dee (sa-wat-dee) / Hello

Greet anyone and everyone who crosses your path. You will most likely butcher the word initially, but Thais will readily assist you with pronunciation, and this simple greeting will certainly help you as you continue your travels.

Kawp Koon (kop-koon) / Thank You

The more polite you are, the better your experience will be. If you can, learn to perform the “wai” (deep bow) when using this helpful phrase.

Chai / Mai Chai (chai / my-chai) — Yes / No

Learning the basics is always a good idea. Even if you do not understand everything that is being said to you, you’ll be surprised how often you can use a simple “chai” or “mai chai”.

Kor Tot (kor-tot) / Excuse Me

Thailand is a crowded place. Whether riding the sky train or island hopping by boat, you are going to step on some toes – both literally and figuratively. Be prepared for these scenarios: learn how to say, “excuse me”.

Mai Khao Jai (my-cow-jai) / I Don’t Understand

Do not get frustrated when you do not understand something (or everything). Instead, just repeat this phrase over and over until someone can (hopefully) translate.

Lah Gorn (la-gon) / Goodbye

Parting ways and unsure what to say? A simple “lah gorn” and/or a “wai” will suffice.


Haawng Naam Yuu Thee Nai? (hong-nam-you-tee-nye) / Where Is The Bathroom?

Bathrooms are hard to come by in Thailand, and oftentimes you won’t be able to find one until it might be too late. Spare yourself the desperate search with this simple phrase (and be prepared for the squat toilets and bum guns).

Leo Sai / Leo Kwaa (lee-yo-sigh/lee-yo-kwa) — Turn Left / Turn Right

When it comes to getting ripped off, taxi drivers are the biggest offenders. Arm yourself with a map and the knowledge of how to give some basic directions in Thai, and you will be less likely to arrive at the wrong destination.

Yut / Bai (yut / bye) — Stop / Go

Impress your driver with directional basics to help get around with ease. Being able to direct a taxi, tuk-tuk or Songtaew driver will likely save you time and money.

Hai Chah Long (high-cha-lom) / Slow Down

This phrase is particularly handy if your tuk tuk driver is hooning along at top speeds and you would like them to slow down. Alternatively, if you are trying to direct someone this phrase can be very useful.

2. Half-Day Railway Market and Floating Market Tou

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This half-day tour takes you to two of Bangkok’s most well-known traditional marketplaces. Experience the convenience of traveling in a small group when you take the train to the Maeklong Railway Market, which is set on a functioning railway track. Proceed to the Damnoen Saduak Floating Market and have a longtail boat ride around the stalls after some free time for shopping.

At The Restaurant/Bar

Thai food culture is a massive thing in Thailand, and knowing a few phrases will get you a long way.

Hiu (hee-yoo) / I’m Hungry

Thailand has some of the most delicious dishes in the world. Learn how to communicate that you are hungry in a way that does not involve rubbing your stomach.

Mai Sai Nam Tam (my-sigh-nam-tam) / No Sugar

Sugar is to Thailand what salt is to the Western world. Sugar and condensed milk make appearances in everything from noodle soup to black coffee. If you like your coffee stiff or simply do not want the extra calories, know this simple phrase.

Chawp Pet Noi (chop-pet-noy) / I Like It A Little Bit Spicy

Thai people love spicy food. Sometimes, a restaurant will intentionally make the dish mildly spicy, knowing that a foreigner cannot handle the heat. To reduce your chances of having your mouth set aflame, learn this simple phrase.

Nam (nam) / Water

Likely one of the most important words to learn in the Thai language especially if you’re wandering around in the heat of the day and feeling parched.

Aroi (a-roy) / Delicious

Want to show some appreciation for the delicious food you just inhaled? While a gratuity is always appreciated, express to your cook that the food was delicious, and you will be sure to receive a smile in return.

At The Market

A Nee Tao Rai? (a-nee-tow-rye) / How Much Is This?

Thais are extremely friendly, but in Thailand as elsewhere, foreigners must be wary of scams. Reduce your chances of paying double what a Thai would pay for the same item by learning to ask “how much” in the native tongue.

Phaeng Mark Pai (feng-mak-pie) / Too Expensive

Someone charging you a little too much baht for your souvenirs? Speak your mind with this marketplace soundbite.


Sun (sun) / 0

Nung (nung) / 1

Song (song) / 2

Sam (sam) / 3

See (see) / 4

Da (da) / 5

Hok (hawk) / 6

Jed (jed) / 7

Baed (bed) / 8

Gao (gow) / 9

Sib (sib) / 10

Making Friends

Gin Khao Lou Mai? (gin-cow-lou-mye) / Have You Eaten Yet?

In Thailand, this phrase is used in more ways than its literal meaning and can even be used as a form of “hello”. It’s a conversation filler and a way to check in to see how someone is faring.

Suay / Lo Mak (soo-way / low-mak) — Very Beautiful / Handsome

The power of a compliment cannot be underestimated, especially when traveling in a foreign country.

3. Full-Day Tour from Bangkok

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When visiting Bangkok, make sure to schedule this small-group tour in advance rather than the larger ones that transport you across the city on a packed bus for the entire day. Don’t miss the opportunity to see the Ayutthaya Historical Park. There are just nine spots available on this small-group tour, which gives you the chance to meet other travelers who share your interests. Additionally, you will have a whole day to spend with your guide exploring the park’s main attractions.

For Everything Else…

Ron Mak (ron-mak) / I Am Very Hot

Thailand reaches scorching temperatures in the hot season and can be a little confronting at times. Learn this phrase to interact and commiserate with your local hosts or to explain why you’re red, dripping with sweat and in need of assistance.

Mai Bpen Rai (my-pen-rye) / No Problem

Missed a flight? Mai bpen rai. Food poisoning taking its toll on your bowels? Mai bpen rai. Thais hate losing face, so the more you can brush off any unpleasant experience, the better you will fare among locals.

This article was originally written by Kelly Iverson and has since been updated.

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