The Breathtaking Ifugao Rice Terraces of The Philippine Cordilleras

World heritage Ifugao Rice Terraces in Batad, Northern Luzon
World heritage Ifugao Rice Terraces in Batad, Northern Luzon | © R.M. Nunes / Shutterstock

Every nature lover about to visit the Philippines should include the Ifugao Rice Terraces of the Cordillera region on their itinerary. This bucket list worthy destination is not just among the country’s must-visit attractions that will take your breath away, but its origin will also leave you fascinated.

The Rice Terraces of the Cordilleras – the pride of the Ifugaos

Located at the foot of the Cordillera mountain ranges, lies the province of Ifugao. And whenever Filipino locals hear the word Ifugao, the striking image of the Rice Terraces (also known as Mga Hagdang-Hagdang Palayan) comes to mind. These terraces are reported to cover around 4,000 miles and its length is roughly half of the Earth’s circumference – approximately 12,500 miles.

Some elderly Ifugaos, Banaue, Philippines

Ancestors of the Ifugao tribe carved thousands of these step-like terraces in the mountains with their bare hands – thus, creating a beautiful sight that people often refer to as the “Eighth Wonder of the World.” The Ifugao tribe belongs to the bigger group of the Igorots, which comprises numerous tribes in the northern part of the country. They are popularly known as rice cultivators and their tribe has lived on these mountains for more than 2,000 years.

The presence of these historic terraces is said to be among the few monuments that were not influenced by colonial cultures. Since the Igorots lived in the mountains, they were not reached by Spanish or American colonizers because of the difficult terrains. Hence, they were able to retain their customs, culture and traditional practices.

According to historical accounts, it is believed that the Rice Terraces have been carved by the Ifugaos between 1,000 to 2,000 years ago. Despite conflicting records, some reports mentioned that their terracing practice began with taro cultivation (which was later replaced by rice). To carefully carve the contours of the mountains and construct these terraces, they had to use stone or mud walls. Such practice was handed down from generation to generation yet according to reports, there were no written records on how they structurally built the terraces. Apart from that, they also established an irrigation system to water these terraces.

It’s not just the Banaue Rice Terraces

A common misconception among locals is that they often think that the Ifugao Rice Terraces and Banaue Rice Terraces are one and the same. There are more than 48 rice terrace clusters but only five of them are included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) list of World Heritage Sites. These are Batad Rice Terraces, Bangaan Rice Terraces, Mayoyao Rice Terraces, Hungudan Rice Terraces, and Nagadacan Rice Terraces.

Rice Terraces in the Philippines

Contrary to popular belief, the Banaue Rice Terraces is not part of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. While it’s one of the most prominent and highly-visited tourist spots in the country, it didn’t make the list primarily because of the presence of numerous modern structures within the area. Nonetheless, the Banaue Rice Terraces alongside several rice terrace clusters are considered a National Cultural Treasure in the country – being a part of the Ifugao Rice Terraces.

Preservation and protection of the Rice Terraces

Years after being declared a National Cultural Treasure in the ’70s and included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO, it was later inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2001. According to reports, this was due to the threats brought by neglected irrigation systems, climate change, and modernization.

The Banaue village cluster-part of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras

Additionally, some of the younger Ifugaos opt not to practice and follow the farming tradition passed onto them. But, after the National Heritage Act was passed and due to the country’s efforts to restore the area, the Rice Terraces were removed from the endangered list in 2012.

If you’re hoping to catch sight of the breathtaking view brought by the rice terrace clusters, remember to reflect on the creativity and relentless hard work of the ancient Ifugaos who hand-carved the Rice Terraces. While the amphitheaters of rice fields are admirable and fascinating, do not forget to show appreciation and recognize the people of Ifugao who continue to maintain the fields.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.