History of the Pátio do Colégio in 60 Seconds

Euan Marshall

Slap-bang in the center of Sao Paulo, the Pátio do Colégio (often written in archaic Portuguese spelling as Pateo do Collegio, meaning School Yard) is the city’s oldest building, construction having begun in 1554.

Portuguese sailors landed in Brazil for the first time in 1500 and made their way down the coast towards present-day Sao Paulo. There, on the shores of the Atlantic, the Portuguese established their first permanent settlement in Sao Vicente in 1532, when a group of Jesuit priests led by Manoel da Nóbrega began travelling inland over the Serra do Mar hills to convert the region’s indigenous communities.

These priests came across a hill between the Tamanduateí and Anhangabaú rivers, and with the permission of the local indigenous Chief Tibiriçá, an ally of the Portuguese, they built an earthen hut to begin their catechisms. On January 25, 1554, the Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul, the priests held their first mass on the hill, and the date is celebrated today as the founding of Paulo. In years that followed, a proper church was built on the very same site along with a school and lodging soon after, and the area became known as the Pateo do Collegio.

Over the years, many of the original structures have been demolished, changed, or renovated. For a time, it housed the Governors’ Palace of the Sao Paulo city government but was ultimately abandoned, and the old church was almost completely demolished. Work to rebuild the Pátio do Colégio began in 1954 for the time of Sao Paulo’s 400-year anniversary.

landscape with balloons floating in the air

KEEN TO EXPLORE THE WORLD?

Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.

Winter Sale Offers on Our Trips

Incredible Savings

X
Edit article