Making Waves And Art: An Interview With Artist Peter Richards

Megan Cosgrove

Local artist Peter Richards shares some of his thoughts behind his design of the San Francisco Wave Organ.

Wave Organ with the San Francisco Yacht Harbor

Above the murmur of coffee machines, steamers, and frazzled baristas, Peter Richards and I discuss wave motion and art. Almost thirty years ago, Peter Richards enlisted the help of stonemason George Gonzalez to turn his fascination with tidal movements into a literal concrete reality. The result was a sound sculpture inspired by the San Francisco Bay.

Wave Organ Model

Constructed from a collection of cemetery rubble, discarded marble, and segments of PVC piping, the Wave Organ adds an element of visual curiosity to the marina terrain and an ethereal voice to the local soundscape at high tide.Perched at the tip of the San Francisco yacht harbor, it offers unobstructed views of the bay with a panoramic reach sweeping from the Golden Gate Bridge all the way to Alcatraz. Richards notes he also intended his design to honor several local juxtapositions—that of land bordering water, nature within urban sprawl, and the old merging with modern.

The tidal patterns, wave action, and air compression that inspired the piece may not seem like obvious candidates for cathartic musing, but for Richards, observing nature was central to both his residency research at the Exploratorium and, as a result, his creative identity as a “place maker.”

Next year the Wave Organ will celebrate three decades of public service, and while Richards believes the site would benefit from “a kick in the butt,” he is confident it will continue to provide locals and tourists alike with unique photo ops and, perhaps more importantly, a place for private reflection and heightened sensory awareness.

Defining his artistic identity

“Well, I see myself as a place maker. I like creating places where people have a heightened sense of awareness. I like to create places where people feel comfortable about being themselves and the idea that perhaps these places are the beginnings of stories, in terms of these places as being a part of who these people are.”

In his picnic basket for an afternoon—or evening—at the Wave Organ

“Pair a full moon and high tide, with some cracked crab, a bottle of Chardonnay, and a local good sourdough. As part of my work with non-profits, I would offer as an auction item, a salmon dinner cooked on-site out at the Wave Organ. That was pretty good, too.”

Wave Organ Prototype (1981)

What would you add to the Wave Organ that you were not able to during initial construction?

“25 years later [after the opening], I was able to convince the California State Coastal Conservancy to fund the final component, including the wheelchair ramp. Man, there are so many stories about this place. I mean, one of the guys on the crew had a wheelchair-bound son who couldn’t come to the original opening because he couldn’t get down there. So close to 30 years later, after the ramp was installed, the father shows up for the opening in a wheelchair himself. The point is that [as public art] it really is meant for everyone.”

Memorable feedback from visitors

“One day, I was just out there cleaning up, and I saw a teacher and a group of kids, probably about 20 or 30 of them, coming up. And I could hear them coming. They were quite a boisterous group. When they finally arrived, the teacher told all of them to find a place, sit down, and be quiet for five minutes. No moving, no stirring, just listen. And I thought, ‘fat chance’ but they did. They were in about fourth grade. Anyway, they were pretty good. Into their third minute, they began moving around, and so he called them in and asked what they heard. Someone said they heard a seagull, someone heard the pipes. Then someone asked if they’d seen—I forget what his name was exactly—but let’s just call him Johnny. So a cry went out for Johnny, and it turns out that Johnny had gone over to the other side of the jetty. He eventually popped his head back out, and said, “Hey, I found my own Wave Organ.” He’d poked his head through the riprap, put his ear down there, and heard a gurgling sound. He found it naturally occurring, and I thought, that’s what the Wave Organ is about. It’s about opening your eyes so you can have your own experiences and make your own discoveries.”

View of the Golden Gate Bridge from the Wave Organ

On the role of public art

“I think the Wave Organ is a great example of what public art can do. It’s engaging; it’s about the site; it’s about the city; it’s about sound and music. There are many different ways you can engage with it, and it can be a place where people figure things out for themselves, come up with questions as well as answers. I think I got into that spirit of experimental artwork as a staff member at the Exploratorium. You know, I’d like to see more work like that.”Check out more photos from our evening at the Wave Organ here.
By Megan CosgroveWhen she is not inhaling Korean food, the Singaporean native can be found doodling, wandering local farmers’ markets, or enjoying a good sunset. Notebook and flip-flops in hand, she is excited to explore the Bay Area and its summertime treasures with The Culture Trip team.

landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.

Winter Sale Offers on Our Trips

Incredible Savings

Edit article