The Tragic Story Behind The Invention of Twin Cities

The old section of Coventry Cathedral
The old section of Coventry Cathedral | © Andrew Walker / WikiCommons
Jordan Lane

All across the world, cities and towns have been ‘twinning’ for decades, forming relationships that are supposed to connect them closely. But how did this practice of twin cities start?

The answer to this question might seem puzzling, given the state of twin cities today. Many are breaking off their connections with one another, such as Milan and St Petersburg in 2012. This massive break was because Milan disagreed with St Petersburg’s treatment of homosexual people in its legislation. Yet, the original purpose of twinning was not political. It was about people seeking to create unity in times of hardship.

Winston Churchill visits the ruins of the Coventry Cathedral in 1941

The hardship that first started this was the Second World War, during which both Coventry and Stalingrad, renamed Volgograd in 1961, were heavily bombed. The Coventry Blitz in 1940 absolutely devastated the city, leaving damage that can still be seen today, particularly at the historic cathedral. This was still fresh in the minds of Coventry’s occupants while the battle of Stalingrad was raging between August 1942 and February 1943.

Out of compassion, Coventry’s women made a special effort to support the women of Stalingrad. The only connections between the towns were major manufacturing industries, similar sizes, and shared traumas. This was enough though. The women of Coventry made enormous sacrifices in providing Stalingrad with money and supplies, as well as sending a tablecloth signed by hundreds of women as a symbol of sympathy. This tablecloth can now be found in the Panorama Museum in Volgograd. In return, an album was made and signed by thousands of women in Stalingrad before being sent back to Coventry in thanks. This was a sign of goodwill that would join the cities forever. Thus, in 1944, an official ‘bond of friendship’ was created.

Volgograd today

Since then, Coventry has twinned itself with an incredible 25 more cities, bringing its total to 26. All evidence supports the belief that this is the most of any city in the world. However, the most recent of these was in 1983, when the city paired with Jinan in China. This reflects a wider recent decline in the twinning of cities, which is happening for a number of reasons.

The Sacred Heart Cathedral in Jinan

The phenomena caught on as a post-war reconciliation movement, intended to also have economic and cultural benefits. For a while afterwards, it became simply a trend, giving rise to some pairings that nobody even remembers the reason for. One such case is Coventry and Kingston, Jamaica. Still, Kingston has been recognised with a Peace Garden in Coventry, along with many of their other twins.

Coventry’s Peace Gardens acknowledge their bonds with cities across the world

Other ‘sister cities’ have far less serious roots than the practice’s origin. For instance, the three-way connection between Dull in Scotland, Bland in Australia, and Boring in America, all bonded by tongue-in-cheek humour based on their names. Swindon is twinned with Walt Disney World. Wincanton, a small town in Somerset, England, has claimed itself to be the sister of Ankh-Morpork, a fictional and fantastic city created by the late writer Terry Pratchett.

These cases are important in asking how practical the tradition is today. Twin cities are generally intended to have more than an imaginary bond. Privileges are supposed to be available in travel, and there are supposed to be economic benefits as well as ongoing interaction. This isn’t how pairings have always worked out. In fact, some cities are even cutting ties with twins simply because upholding the connection costs money, and they don’t believe there are any resulting benefits.

For these reasons, the future of twinning is uncertain. The tragic and incredible history behind Coventry and Stalingrad’s bond, however, should not be forgotten.

This article was written in association with The Boar, a student publication based at the University of Warwick.

landscape with balloons floating in the air

KEEN TO EXPLORE THE WORLD?

Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.

Winter Sale Offers on Our Trips

Incredible Savings

X
Edit article