Beautiful Words to Make You Fall in Love with the Turkish Language

Red Tide
Red Tide | © Kevin Key / Shutterstock
Feride Yalav-Heckeroth

Modern Turkish, spoken by more than 88 million people worldwide, has a rich language history with ancient origins dating back to the 7th century. Early examples of the language have been discovered across vast regions, from Mongolia to Anatolia, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and Northern Africa. This rich linguistic heritage has given rise to some of the most beautiful and inspiring words in the Turkish language.

Love reading Culture Trip? How about travelling with us! Our Culture Trips are small-group tours that truly immerse you in a destination through authentic travel experiences. You can also embrace slow travel and the joys of journeying by train on our eco-friendly Rail Trips.

Yakamoz (ya-ka-moz) / Sea sparkle

Yakamoz is used to describe the moment when the moonlight hits the sea’s surface. Scientifically, the word is associated with bioluminescence or the light emitted by sea creatures, who appear like sparkling phosphorescence on the surface.

Aşk (ashk) / Love

One of the most powerful words in the Turkish language, aşk means love. People in Turkey are quite captivated by the emotion and all its ensuing melodrama. The word is used often in Turkish poetry, songs and the country’s famous soap operas.

Işıl (ishil) / Sparkling

A popular name among girls, ışıl is used to describe something that sparkles or is bright. Turkish people will usually use the word twice to really put emphasis on it.

Yürek (yü-reck) / Heart


Depending on the situation, yürek can be used in several ways. Using it at the butcher’s will give you an animal heart in return, but describing someone who has a lot of yürek refers to a person who has a lot of courage.

Babayani (ba-ba-ya-nee) / Unpretentious

Not often used in everyday conversation, but should be, babayani refers to a humble and faithful person who doesn’t care about the material things in life.

Safderun (saf-der-oon) / Endearingly naive

With its roots in the Arabic and Farsi languages, safderun is used to describe a person whose heart is so pure that they are often easily fooled. The word saf in Arabic translates to pure and is also used in Turkish to describe things that are untouched.

Özgürlük (öz-gür-lük) / Freedom

A very powerful word in the Turkish language, özgürlük means freedom or independence. Shorten it to özgür – meaning free – and it becomes a common name among Turkish men.

Sevgi (sev-gee) / Love

Even though sevgi and aşk both mean love, they express different sentiments. Aşk represents a more passionate and intimate love, while sevgi is the kind felt between friends and family. For I love you, Turks say seni seviyorum.

Memnu (mem-noo) / Forbidden

Speaking of love, memnu is used to describe something that is forbidden. One of Turkey’s most famous soap operas, for example, was called Aşk-ı Memnu, and its plot focused on a love that was completely frowned upon and in turn, made for a very exciting watch – at least for those who love drama!

Izzetinefis (iz-zet-ee-ne-feez) / Self-respect

A beautiful term that has its roots in Arabic, izzetinefis is composed of two separate words. Izzet (which is also a popular Turkish name), means excellence and dignity, while nefis signifies the human soul. Izzetinefis represents self-respect and belief in someone’s soul.

Hayal (ha-yal) / Dream


Hayal is used specifically to describe a daydream or hope. A dream you have at night is called a rüya, while to daydream in Turkish is to hayal etmek.

Culture Trip Summer Sale

Save up to $1,395 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

Edit article