Modernisme, not to be confused with Modernism, was the collective name given to an art, architecture and literature movement which emerged around the turn of the 20th century and centered around Catalonia. The movement is equivalent to the Art Nouveau style going on in France and Belgium around the same time. Modernista architecture can be recognized by its use of curves rather than straight lines, ornate decorations, bold use of colors and floral motifs. Famous Modernista architects include Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch. Here are some of the movement’s most outstanding buildings.
The largest Modernista complex in the world, this is not your average hospital. Again, designed Lluís Domènech I Montaner, it was built between 1901 and 1930 as a collection of gardens and pavilions in which to heal the sick. Having only reopened to the public in 2014, today visitors can tour the grounds, admiring its unique buildings, filled with patterned tiles, bold mosaics, and colorful stained glass windows.