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Still Life With a Guitar by Juan Gris | © Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, 1998/WikiCommons
Still Life With a Guitar by Juan Gris | © Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, 1998/WikiCommons

11 Spanish Artists That Are Not Picasso

Picture of Alison Moss
Updated: 30 October 2016
Although Picasso’s name is always on the tip of everybody’s tongue, there are many more successful Spanish painters that have deeply impacted the history of art with their paintings. We take you through some of the most emblematic Spanish painters of all time, all the way from the 16th century to today’s day and age.

Salvador Dalí

Born in Figueres, Spain (1904-1989)

Salvador Dalí’s outlandish personality made him one of the most memorable figures of the surrealist movement. His work captures every bit of his grandiloquent mind. The Persistence of Memory, for instance, one of his most recognized pieces, is a perfect depiction of the artist’s oneiric pictorial language and his constant tribute to the subconscious mind.

Salvador Dalí © Ariel Quiroz

Salvador Dalí © Ariel Quiroz

Joan Miró

Born in Barcelona, Spain (1893-1983)

With his childlike shapes and his palette of primary colors, Miró developed a unique style that sets him apart from the academic style of his fellow surrealists. Once you become acquainted with his artistic language, you will soon realize that his naïve motifs are in fact symbols that the viewer is expected to decipher.

Joan Miró © Xavier Caballe

Joan Miró © Xavier Caballe

Antoni Tàpies

Born in Barcelona, Spain (1923-2012)

Antoni Tàpies’ work places great emphasis on matter of all kinds. Earth, dust and fabric, among many other kinds of materials, are fully integrated into his work. What at first glance might seem like a purely aesthetic decision hides a much deeper intention. The artist places such emphasis on the materiality of his works mainly because, in his view, matter is a spiritual vehicle to one’s inner-self. This is, ultimately, the true core of his work.

Deconstructed Bed by Antoni Tàpies © PunkToad

Deconstructed Bed by Antoni Tàpies © PunkToad

Miquel Barceló

Born in Felanitx, Spain (1957-)

Miquel Barceló is probably one of the most prized Spanish artists in the contemporary art scene. His impressive large-scale paintings are characterized by a use of thick impasto and a heavy layering of materials.

Francisco de Goya

Born in Fuentetodos, Spain (1746-1828)

This legendary painter, sculptor and engraver provides us with an often dark and satirical reading of 18th century Spain. The somberness of his palette reached its peak in the disturbing ‘black paintings’ he produced towards the end of his life.

Joaquín Sorolla

Born in Valencia, Spain (1863-1923)

Looking at one of Sorolla’s paintings is like opening a window onto a sunbathed summer morning. Light is always at the forefront of Sorolla’s paintings, no matter what he portrays. Although he is often labeled as an impressionist or a postimpressionist, it is safe to say that the Valencian painter is, above all, a luminist.

Diego Velázquez

Born in Sevilla, Spain (1599-1660)

As a leading artist in the court of Philip IV, Velázquez made some key contributions to the history of art with paintings such as Las Meninas. Although this baroque painter is mainly known for his portraits of the Royal family, he also mastered history and genre painting.


Born in Sevilla, Spain (1617 – 1682)

This baroque painter produced a large amount of religious pieces as well as some genre painting. His delicate brushstroke and his love of light bestow a certain sense of delicacy and sweetness to the figures he portrays.

Francisco de Zurbarán

Born in Fuente de Cantos, Spain 1598-1664

Zurbarán was one of the main painters of the Spanish ‘Siglo de Oro’ (Golden Century). His most common themes include religious scenes with a strong use of chiaroscuro. These sharp luminous contrasts convey a profound sense of mysticism and enchantment that can be found in his entire body of work.

Juan Gris

Born in Madrid, Spain (1887-1927)

This Spanish painter was one of the main exponents of cubism in the XX century along with Picasso and Braque. Still, while Picasso ventured off to experiment with different styles, Gris stayed true to cubism, thus managing to broaden the horizons of its artistic language.

El Greco

Born in Heraklion, Greece (1541 – 1614)

Although he was born in Crete, Doménikos Theotokópoulos, most commonly known as ‘El Greco,’ settled in Toledo around 1577 only to become one of the most memorable Spanish painters of all time. This Greek-Born Spanish mannerist has provided us with some great masterpieces such as The Burial of the Count of Orgaz.