10 Things to See and Do in Guernica, Spain

The sacred oak tree in Guernica, Spain
The sacred oak tree in Guernica, Spain | ©Roberto Chamoso G / Wikimedia Commons
Esme Fox

Guernica is a small town located in the Basque Country, located around a half-hour drive from the city of Bilbao. It’s well known because it was the scene of one of the worst bombings in Spanish history, which occurred on April 26, 1937. The event was immortalised in one of Pablo Picasso’s most famous paintings – Guernica – which became world famous. While most of the sights here have to do with the events of that fateful day, there are also Basque cultural museums, churches, nature reserves and markets to discover.

Take a look at the sacred Guernica Tree

One of the most important sites in Guernica is actually a tree. The Guernica Tree represents Basque identity and freedom, and became a symbol of the independence movement here. During medieval times, Basque communities and its leaders used to meet here to discuss and create laws. The Lord of Biscay established a set of laws called the fueros, which granted the Basques autonomous rule. The fueros were given to the Basques all the way up until the 19th century, although, today the Basque Country still has some autonomous rule. A tree has stood on this spot since the 14th century; however, the current one was only planted in 2015.

The sacred oak tree in Guernica, Spain

1. Learn about the Basques at the Euskal Herria Museum


Euskal Herria Museo, Guernica, Spain
© Zarateman / Wikimedia Commons
One of the most important museums in the town is the Euskal Herria Museum. It is housed in the old Alegría Palace, which was one of the few buildings that survived the Guernica bombing. Today it’s an ethnographic museum, where you can learn everything about Basque culture and history. There are exhibits on everything from Basque games and music to dancing, history and politics.

Admire the Biscayan Assembly building

The Biscayan Assembly building sits right next to the Guernica Tree and is where the Basque government meets. The neoclassical building was designed by the architect Antonio de Etxebarria and was built between 1826 and 1833.

Casa de Juntas, Guernica, Spain

2. Explore the Peace Museum


Museo de la Paz, Guernica
©TheFaico / Wikimedia Commons
After experiencing one of the worst bomb attacks in Spanish history, the town decided create the Museo de la Paz (Peace Museum). The museum first opened in 1998 and features an array of interactive exhibits, audiovisual presentations and photographs about the history of Guernica, world peace, and how we can achieve it.

See Picasso’s Guernica

Picasso’s original Guernica painting can be found in the Reina Sofia art museum in Madrid, but there is a tiled replica of it found in the town. Picasso created the painting just four months after the bombing of the town in 1937, and created it as a reaction and political message against the Nazis who attacked the town.

The tiled replica of Picasso’s painting in Guernica, Spain

3. Shop at the Monday Market


Pimientos de Padron, Galicia
© Manuel / Flickr
It was a Monday, during the town’s weekly market, when the bombing of Guernica occurred. Instead of letting those terrible events stop this, however, the Monday Market has become a symbol of defiance. Every Monday, the whole town comes alive and heads out to sell their produce, shop and eat. There are even sporting games and cultural displays to watch, too. Today, the market is one of the most important markets in the Basque Country.

4. Stroll through the Park of the Peoples of Europe


Gure Aitaren Etxea sculpture by Eduardo Chillida
© Papamanila / Wikimedia Commons
The Parque de los Pueblos de Europa opened in 1991 and is the perfect spot to relax or go for a stroll. The park also acts like an outdoor gallery, with works by Basque sculptor Eduardo Chillida and British artist Henry Moore. Chillida’s piece (see below) is called Gure Aitaren Etxea, which roughly translates as ‘The house of our father’ in Basque, and was created for the 50th anniversary of the bombing of Guernica.

5. Discover the Santa Maria Church


Santa Maria church, Guernica, Spain
© Tony Hisgett / Flickr
One of the prettiest churches in the town is Santa Maria. It was built between 1418 and 1715 and is a beautiful example of both Gothic and Renaissance architecture. It miraculously survived the bombing; however, part of it was damaged in a fire during later years.

Learn how to play the fastest sport in the world

Jai alai, a form of Basque pelota, is said to be the fastest sport in the world, with balls being hit at speeds of up to 300 kilometres per hour. It is like a combination of handball and squash, and is played with glove-like baskets called cestas. The game is played on a court called a fronton, and Guernica is home to the second-largest fronton in the world. The residents here are big fans of the sport.

Basque Pelota

Discover the nearby Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve

Take a day trip to the nearby Urdaibai – a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, located in the Mundaka estuary. It’s a great place for bird spotting and is home to species such as fish eagles, spoonbills and Eurasian bittern.

Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve, Spain

This year (2017) marks the 80th anniversary of the bombing of Guernica – read here to find out more about the history and the events to commemorate this occasion.

Culture Trips launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes places and communities so special.

Our immersive trips, led by Local Insiders, are once-in-a-lifetime experiences and an invitation to travel the world with like-minded explorers. Our Travel Experts are on hand to help you make perfect memories. All our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.?>

All our travel guides are curated by the Culture Trip team working in tandem with local experts. From unique experiences to essential tips on how to make the most of your future travels, we’ve got you covered.

Culture Trip Spring Sale

Save up to $1,656 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

Edit article