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Sculpture has long been integrated into gardens and parkland design, but in recent decades the concept of a ‘sculpture park’ has taken off. Historical landscape gardens and urban parks have been turned into picturesque outdoor galleries, in which visitors can stroll among works by modern masters like Claes Oldenburg, Antony Gormley, and Anish Kapoor. We profile 11 must-visit sculpture parks around the world.
The Rock Garden is the creation of Nek Chand, a civil servant who built this slightly mad sculpture garden in his spare time. He started in 1957, working in a gorge in a conservation area which made his creation illegal. He kept it secret until it was discovered in 1975, at which point the authorities moved to have it destroyed. Since then they’ve come around to the idea of promoting the amazing work of Chand. All of the sculptures in the garden are made from recycled garbage, retrieved from dumps around the city. You’ll find sculptures of gods, monkeys, human dancers, and odd creatures with waterfalls and miniature villages.
The Rock Garden of Chandigarh, Sector 1 Chandigarh 16001, India +91 172 740 645
The Kroller-Muller Museum is home to one of the major collections of van Gogh works in Europe. It’s also home to one of the largest sculpture parks in Europe, with 75 acres of parkland and ten pieces of sculpture on show. The Museum is in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in the Netherlands and was founded in 1935 when Helene Kroller-Muller donated her art collection to the state. In 1961 the sculpture garden was opened with the works of the great international masters of the 20th century represented – Rodin, di Suvero, Oldenburg, Moore, Jean Dubuffet, and Joep van Lieshout, amongst others.