Vietnamese Hospital Staff Given Martial Arts Training to Defend Against Violent Patients and Visitors

Two young students demonstrate Vovinam in 1969
Two young students demonstrate Vovinam in 1969 | ©Tommy Truong79/Flickr

In the wake of a shocking assault on a young Vietnamese doctor in a Hanoi hospital, doctors and nurses in Saigon are receiving martial arts training to defend themselves from aggressive patients and visitors.

Not an isolated incident

On April 13th, a man brought in a young child in to Hanoi’s Saint Paul Hospital to be treated for head wounds. Security footage shows a young doctor talking to the child’s relative when the man suddenly launches himself at the doctor and punches him several times in the face. This unprovoked, disturbing attack is unfortunately just one of many that occur in Vietnam’s overcrowded hospitals.

Recent figures suggest that 60% of assaults occur in Vietnamese provincial hospitals, and that 90% of these assaults are perpetrated in the tense atmosphere of the emergency room. Emotional tension runs high when families are desperate for immediate care, but when hospitals are crammed with injured and sick patients, doctors must prioritise who to treat first.

In an op-ed for VNExpress, a Vietnamese doctor painfully remembers when a father of a young patient assaulted him in a crowded emergency room late one night in 2001. The child’s injury was not serious and the doctor explained to the father that a nurse would attend to the child. The father then punched the doctor in the face, spat on him, pushed him into a trash can and threatened him. The psychological trauma the assault inflicted on the doctor haunted him for several years. He received numerous death threats and eventually transferred to a different hospital.

Protection for nurses and doctors

This latest assault in Hanoi has heightened the need for security cameras and personnel to be permanently stationed inside Vietnamese hospitals. One hospital in Hai Phong has enlisted the help of local police to maintain calm and order inside the hospital. In Saigon, however, one particular hospital is taking matters into their own hands.

Doctors, nurses, and administrative staff in Saigon’s Cho Ray Hospital – the city’s busiest – have begun taking martial arts classes to defend themselves from aggressive patients and visitors. The Vovinam Club was founded a few years ago by cardiology nurse Nguyen Thanh Phong and is currently training about 20 medical staff.

Vietnam’s own martial art

Two young students demonstrate Vovinam in 1969

Vovinam – short for Vo Viet Nam – was created by Nguyen Loc in the late 1930s. It is a form of martial art that stresses the importance of a strong body and mind, and is based off of the principles of hard and soft (opposing and yielding). While most martial arts prefer one over the other, Vovinam students utilize hard and soft principles equally to be able to adapt to any situation. Students train using their hands, elbows, legs and knees, as well as weapons such as knives, swords, axes and fans. Vovinam trains students to use their opponent’s force against them, maximizing effect with little force and effort of their own.

Are martial arts the key to safety in Vietnam’s hospitals?

According to VNExpress, Vietnamese doctors, nurses and other hospital staff are not recognized as public servants and therefore are not protected by laws from the dangers inherent to their professions. Furthermore, they are not allowed to turn away patients even when they are under threat or attack.

Another serious incident occurred in February at the Yen Bai Pediatric and Obstetric Hospital in northwestern Vietnam. A man climbed on the balcony outside of his wife’s hospital room to film the birth of their child. The surgery team noticed and reprimanded the man, who became enraged and later assaulted the surgeon and anesthesiologist, both of whom suffered concussions and other injuries and had to be admitted to the hospital. In 2011, a doctor was stabbed to death in Vietnam’s northern Thai Binh province by a deceased patient’s brother.

Until the serious overcrowding of Vietnamese hospitals is addressed and security measures are initiated to maintain order amid the large influx of desperate patients in Vietnam’s hospitals every day, self-defense training may be hospital staff’s best chance at protecting themselves from violent encounters.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.