The 10 Best Places in Vietnam to Learn About The Vietnam War

Entrance to the Imperial City at Twilight, Hue, Vietnam
Entrance to the Imperial City at Twilight, Hue, Vietnam | © Rob Whitworth 2012 / Alamy Stock Photo

The Vietnam War was a defining event of the 20th century, and even now, over 40 years later, it still haunts many. Vietnam is a peaceful country these days, but war has left deep wounds on this nation and its people. Here are the best places to learn about the conflict.

1. War Remnants Museum


War planes in front of the War Remnants Museum relating to the First Indochina and Vietnam War in Ho Chi Minh City, District 3, former Saigon, Vietnam
© van der Meer Marica / Arterra Picture Library / Alamy Stock Photo

This is an absolute must for history buffs who visit Ho Chi Minh City. The military hardware on display brings the conflict to life, and the images inside speak of the horrors of war. This museum was originally built to showcase American atrocities, but the government has since eased its message. Now they want nothing more than a lasting peace for Vietnam.

2. Hỏa Lò Prison


Recreation of cruel conditions in Hoa Lo Prison Museum in Hanoi.
© Feargus Cooney / Alamy Stock Photo
Americans will know this museum by its famous nickname: The Hanoi Hilton. The original prison held Vietnamese prisoners who were campaigning for independence from the colonial French. Later, during the war with the American-backed regime in Saigon, the north held prisoners of war here – most famously, American Senator John McCain. Today, only the gatehouse remains, converted to a museum to show this site’s tortured past.

3. Củ Chi Tunnels

Memorial, Museum

Cu Chi Tunnels
© Asia / Alamy Stock Photo
While the claustrophobic among you may want to avoid this excursion, it’s definitely one of the best day trips from Ho Chi Minh City. These tunnels are a visceral example of the kinds of sacrifices that people made during the war. You definitely won’t forget this experience.

5. Independence Palace

Building, Museum

A fountain and manicured lawn at the front of the Independence Palace in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
© Sean Hsu / Alamy Stock Photo

This building was where the South Vietnamese government operated from during the war, and it has been remarkably well-maintained. You can see where foreign dignitaries were hosted, as well as the bomb bunker in the basement where the military leadership communicated with its forces. Even the maps are still hanging on the walls.

6. Khe Sanh Combat Base


Bunkers and trenchs in Khe Sanh combat base (DMZ, Quan Tri province, Vietnam).
© Bruno Almela / agefotostock / Alamy Stock Photo

During the Tet Offensive in 1968, this combat base, located near the demilitarized zone north of Hue, was a name known around the world. It was a pivotal battle between American forces and troops from the north who slipped in through nearby Laos. Though much of the base has been lost to the jungle, there are still bunkers and part of the original air strip to see, as well as some American military hardware.

7. Ho Chi Minh Museum


Ho Chi Minh Museum, Hanoi, Vietnam, Indochina, Southeast Asia, Asia
© Yadid Levy / Alamy Stock Photo
The life of Ho Chi Minh is the story of modern Vietnam. He is Uncle Ho, the revered figurehead of this country, and the face of national independence. This museum showcases his life, accomplishments and some of the coolest Soviet era art you’ll ever see.

Côn Đảo Prisons

These islands off the southern coast of Vietnam are some of the most beautiful places in the country, but they were also home to torture, abuse and politically-motivated executions for much of the last century. The French were the first to build and use these prisons, but the American-backed regime in Saigon also used them to hold captured soldiers and other political prisoners, including Võ Thị Sáu, Vietnam’s famous guerrilla girl.

Con Son Island prison, Vietnam

8. Hue Imperial Citadel


Hue Imperial Citadel
© Arterra Picture Library / Alamy Stock Photo
This historic site, which predates the Vietnam War by many years, was where one of the fiercest battles took place during the war, known as the Battle of Huế. Probably the most telling part of the Imperial City, aside from the bullet holes in the walls, is just how many of the original structures American bombers destroyed. The large empty spaces are a testament to how much was lost in this war.

9. Vịnh Mốc Tunnels


Hue, Vietnam. The Vinh Moc Tunnels in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). These are the actual tunnels.
© Danita Delimont Creative / Alamy Stock Photo
Whereas the more famous Củ Chi Tunnels were used for military purposes, the tunnels at Vịnh Mốc were used by civilians. Approximately 300 people lived and worked in this multi-tiered system of tunnels for over six years, staying underground to avoid American bombers. Trips here are often included as part of a package to other popular DMZ sites, such as the base at Khe Sanh.
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