Yala National Park is located on the southeast corner of the island. Before it was named a national park in 1938, the area was used as a hunting ground by the elite during the British Rule. Yala National park is home to 44 varieties of mammal and over 200 species of birds. This part of the country has the greatest concentration of leopards, elephants and spotted deer. Plenty of companies over camping in Yala National Park. But Leopard Trails and Sri Lankan Expeditions get our vote.
Wilpattu National Park is on the west coast of the island, close to the historical city of Anuradhapura. The best way to visit the site is by jeep safari preferably between February to October. The most notorious animals to be spotted in Wilpattu National Park are the Sri Lankan sloth bear and the spotted deer. Of course leopards are always the main animal attraction in all Sri Lankan National Parks and there are plenty of those in Wilpattu as well. Overnight camping in this park can be done with Leopard Trails and Wilpattu Safari Camps.
Camping in the Knuckles Mountain Range is a bit different to the National Parks along the coast. This area is more about hiking along a beautiful mountain range than about wildlife spotting. The Knuckles Mountain Range sits between Kandy and Matale in the center of the island, northeast of Colombo. From a few vantage points, the peaks look like the knuckles of a hand, therefore the range got its name.
The Knuckles Forest Reserve was named a World Heritage Site in 2009. The area is quite varied in terms of climate and ecosystem, from lowland valleys to highland rainforests. To hike and camp in the Knuckles Mountain Range, contact Sri Lankan Expeditions
Other areas in Sri Lanka where visitors can camp are Udawalawe, Mahiyanganaya Sorabora Lake, Kitugala, Minneriya and Sinharaja Forest.