Women are at the center of some of the most inspirational stories and transformative movements in South Korea. Read on to learn how some of Korea’s most influential women of the past and present have made their mark on the quickly evolving country.
Tai – young Lee
Born in 1914 in what is present-day North Korea, Tai-young Lee was the first female lawyer in South Korea. In 1946, she became the first woman to enter the prestigious Seoul National University, and would eventually pass the Korean national judicial examination – a feat for anyone, and an especially noteworthy achievement for a woman at the time.
Lee later became the nation’s first female judge and founded its first legal aid center. By modifying national laws, particularly those related to families and marriage, Lee helped Korean women improve their circumstances and stand up for their rights.
The charismatic leader of K-pop sensation 2NE1, Lee Chae-rin (more commonly known as CL) is a force to be reckoned with. With a daring style and fierce confidence not often observed in the Korean music industry, the rapper has in the past expressed that her one of her goals is to shatter the stereotype that Asian women are submissive and reserved.
Thanks to her music, which often features lyrics that promote female independence and empowerment, CL was voted as one of the most influential people in the world on TIME Magazine’s 100 Reader’s Poll.
Kyung – won Park
Born in Daegu in 1901, Kyung-won Park is credited as being the first female civilian pilot in the country. After having worked as a nurse to earn her tuition fees, Park moved to Japan in 1925 to pursue her life-long dream of becoming a pilot. She graduated from aviation school two years later, and obtained her second-class pilot’s license the following year.
In 1933, Park was selected to fly a new route between Japan and Manchukuo on a Salmson 2A2 named the Blue Swallow. Sadly, the plane crashed shortly after takeoff, killing Park at the young age of 32.
Yuna Kim, who is often lovingly referred to as “Queen Yuna,” is the first female figure skater to win the Olympic Games, the World Championships, the Four Continents Championships and the Grand Prix Final. As South Korea’s national sweetheart, Kim Yuna was recognized as one of the world’s most influential people by TIME in 2010.
In addition to her athleticism, she’s also known for her philanthropic contributions. Kim was appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 2010, and has since used her fame and fortune to help those in need across the globe. She actively participated in the relief efforts in Haiti and Japan, and in 2013 she donated $100,000 to the victims of the typhoon in the Philippines.
As a child, Soyeon Yi discovered her love of science after helping her father fix things around the house. She later became the first woman in her family to receive an education past middle school. Then, in 2008, Yi beat out some 36,000 applicants to become South Korea’s first astronaut and the first person under the age of 30 to travel to space.
As one of the few women in a male-dominated field, Yi has spoken extensively about her experiences, hoping to inspire more girls to follow in her footsteps. Now living in Seattle, Yi appeared in the American documentary series Secret Space Escapes in 2015.
Born to an African-American father and a Korean mother, musician Yoon Mi-rae often experienced racial discrimination growing up in homogenous South Korea. In the 1990s, when hip-hop was still very much underground, Yoon made her debut, and quickly became the country’s most famous female rapper.
She would go on to use her fame for good, volunteering in multicultural youth camps, and participating in Vogue Korea’s Stop & Love Campaign as an advocate against child abuse. Together with her husband, Tiger JK, Yoon has been recognized for her efforts in promoting child abuse prevention by various organizations, including South Korea’s Minsitry of Health and Welfare.
Despite the fact that South Korea has been ruled by men throughout the majority of its history, a number of significant women reigned during the Silla era (57 BC – 935 AD). Perhaps the most notable of the lot was Queen Seondeok, who ruled from 632-647 and is remembered for her strength, as well as the cultural impact she made during her reign.
She actively encouraged students to study in China, and was also responsible for the completion of Punhwang and Yongmyo temples to promote the study of Buddhism in Korea. She also oversaw the construction of Cheomseongdae in Gyeongju, which remains the oldest observatory in Asia today.
Sometimes referred to as the “Nation’s Fairy”, singer, actress, producer, activist, and television presenter Lee Hyori debuted as a member of K-pop girl group Fin.K.L in 1998. Since then, she has released a number of albums as a solo artist and was the highest-paid female singer in South Korea in 2006.
As a strict vegetarian in a country that is not yet familiar with the lifestyle, Lee Hyori is an advocate for animal welfare and animal rights. In 2012, she published Closer, a wildly popular photo book that gave fans a sneak peek at her everyday life, her family and her dog, which she adopted from a shelter.
As an important figure in the organisation of the March 1st Movement against the Japanese colonial rule in Korea, Yu Gwansun became the symbol of the country’s fight for independence through peaceful protest. Often called “Korea’s Joan of Arc”, Yu, who was only 17 at the time, was arrested by Japanese police during an independence demonstration in 1919, an event in which both of her parents were killed.
Sentenced to seven years imprisonment, she continued to fight for independence in jail, which led to her receiving beatings and other forms of torture at the hands of Japanese officers. A year later, she died in prison at the age 18, reportedly as the result of the torture. She was posthumously awarded the Order of Independence Merit in 1962.
Independent documentary director and producer Kim Young-me has established a name for herself as one of the leading Korean female reporters in an industry that is mostly run by males. Having traveled to over 80 countries, Kim has reported on the Islamic State from conflict-ridden nations such as Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan and has produced a number of documentaries on topics ranging from fair trade coffee to the lives of the people of East Timor.
She has received numerous accolades for her work, including the MBC Broadcast High Achievement Award and the YMCA Korea’s Women Leadership Award.
Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip
meet our Local Insider
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN A GUIDE?
WHAT DO YOU LOVE ABOUT YOUR JOB?
It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.
WHAT DESTINATION IS ON YOUR TRAVEL BUCKET-LIST?
I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!
Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.
KEEN TO EXPLORE THE WORLD?
Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world
Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.
Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.
Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.
Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.
We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.