Fascinating Korean Words That Have No English Translation

Hangul, Korean script
Hangul, Korean script | © KoreaNet / Flickr
Mimsie Ladner

Sometimes we must turn to other languages to find the exact word we’re looking for. From age-old terms that define cultural identity to contemporary slang used for interpreting emotion, these ten Korean words have no direct English equivalent but are certainly worth adopting.

Loved by over 40s

눈치 – Noon-chi

Meaning: This term is used to describe the art of being in tune to someone else’s feelings, thoughts and emotions to properly gauge and react to a situation. Someone with good noon-chi can read others’ body language or tone of voice to understand their real feelings. Comparatively, someone with bad noon-chi is said to lack tact or observational skills.

한 – Han

Meaning: A notion that is often considered to be unique to Korea, han is the collective feeling of sadness and oppression. It is a cultural concept that can be ascribed to the nation’s extensive history of attacks and invasions from other countries. Often difficult to translate, the Los Angeles Times describes han to be “as amorphous a notion as love or hate: intensely personal, yet carried around collectively, a national torch, a badge of suffering tempered by a sense of resiliency.”

정 – Jeong

Meaning: While han describes Koreans’ special form of suffering and victimhood, jeong is the country’s putatively real and unique form of social relational bonding. Sometimes translated as “harmony” or “coexistence,” its definition is far more complex. So much so that Koreans often have difficulty defining the word. Put simply, jeong refers to the emotional and psychological bonds that join the collective society of Korea; it pervades all levels, dissecting the world into various degrees of woo-ri (us) versus them.

답정너 – Dab-jeong-neo

Meaning: This recently created Korean word is defined as a situation in which someone asks a question but has already decided the answer they want to hear. For example, a man may find himself in a dab-jeong-neo when his girlfriend asks, “Does my butt look big in these jeans?”

효 – Hyo

Meaning: Associated with Korean cultural notions of filial piety, hyo denotes the strict sense of duty and responsibility children must pay their parents at all times, even if it means making enormous sacrifices on the part of the children.

엄친아 – Eom-chin-a

Meaning: Korean mothers are known to be competitive and often compare their children to the offspring of their friends. Literally meaning “Mom’s friend’s son,” eom-chin-a is used to describe a person who is more successful or skilled than you – the type of person your mom would negatively compare you to to encourage you to work harder. “Mina’s son got straight A’s on his exams. Why can’t you?!”

답답해 – Dab-dab-hae

Meaning: Although dab-dab-hae has a number of different meanings, including “stuffy” or “stifling,” it’s often used more figuratively to describe the physical sensation of suffocation caused by frustration or the inability to speak or act freely. For example, someone stuck in sseom-ta-da (see below) might experience dab-dab-hae. Unsurprisingly, it’s a term frequently used in both K-dramas and K-pop songs.

썸타다 – Sseom-ta-da

Meaning: You know that ambiguous stage of dating, where you’ve been seeing each other casually but haven’t yet defined the relationship? Being in this kind of situation is what Koreans refer to as sseom-ta-da. It means that sseom (taken from the English word “something”) is going on and it likely to ta-da or “go along” until it develops into something more serious.

띠동갑 – Ttee-dong-kab

Meaning: The Chinese Zodiac is based on a twelve-year cycle, and each year in that cycle is related to a specific animal sign. Each animal has certain traits, and it is believed that someone born in that year possesses the same traits. The term ttee-dong-kab is used to describe two people who share the same animal sign. So, for example, someone born in the year 2000 – the Chinese year of the dragon – would be ttee-dong-kab with K-pop stars Nickhyun and G-Dragon, who were born in 1988.

내숭 – Nae-soong

Meaning: This term refers to someone who is fake, and is often used to describe a female who acts shy or naïve around others – men, in particular – then reverts back to her normal self when they’re not around.

Did you know – Culture Trip now does bookable, small-group trips? Pick from authentic, immersive Epic Trips, compact and action-packed Mini Trips and sparkling, expansive Sailing Trips.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.