Explore The 10 Major Regions Of Japan

Paper streamers for the Sendai Tanabata
Paper streamers for the Sendai Tanabata | © yisris/Flickr
Alicia Joy

Tokyo Writer

Japan may appear small at first glance, but the island nation actually covers a long latitude, extending from the Okinawan Islands near Taiwan up to Wakkanai in Hokkaido. It’s home to countless unique cultures and traditions, rich histories and local cuisines, so much so that to visit just one city and say you’ve visited Japan would be a lie. So before you plan your next holiday, take a trip around the islands and explore the ten major regions of Japan.

Okinawa & The Southern Islands

Part of Tokyo Prefecture, the Ogasawara Islands are a collection of tropical islands found far south of the capital city, near the Philippine Sea. Here, visitors can surf, snorkel, swim, and enjoy the freshest seafood. Directly west of these islands, Okinawa has a laidback culture set apart from the rest of Japan, from their music and cuisine to local myths and fashion sense.

Kerama Islands of Okinawa

Kyushu

Kumamoto City, capital of Kumamoto Prefecture of Kyushu

Shikoku

Shikoku is the smallest of the four main islands, located northeast of Kyushu. The region is famous for the 88 Temple Pilgrimage, or “Shikoku Pilgrimage”, while Tokushima’s Awa Odori is the largest festival of its kind. There’s also beautiful nature to be found hiking around the Yoshino River. Udon is a regional specialty.

Iya Valley, located in the heart of Shikoku

Hiroshima & Western Honshu

Honshu is the largest island of Japan, covering most of the central area and extending far to the north and curving southwest. Western Honshu covers a lot of coastline, and seafood features frequently in local cuisine. Located along the bays separating western Honshu from Shikoku, Hiroshima and the Hiroshima Peace Memorial touches visitors from around the world with its message of peace.

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park

The Kansai Region

Located in central Japan, the Kansai region covers an enormous area and a multitude of prefectures, each with their own special charm. Nara is known for their friendly Deer Park; Kobe for their beef; Hyogo for Himeji Castle and Takeda, the “Castle in the Sky”; while Osaka is as tempting as Tokyo for curious urbanites, if not more so. And those are just a few of the region’s highlights.

Osaka and the iconic “Glico Man”

Kyoto

Kyoto is part of the Kansai region, but the culture and history here make it a world all its own. Formerly Japan’s capital city, Kyoto is still considered the epicenter of traditional Japanese culture. It’s the place to experience an authentic tea ceremony, dine on kaiseki cuisine or admire ancient architecture. Kyoto’s geisha are still the finest and most sought-after in all of Japan.

Gion, historic geisha district

The Japan Alps & Central Honshu

The Japanese Alps — the Hida, Kiso, and Akaishi mountain ranges — are some of the best ski slopes on Earth (though those from Hokkaido would disagree). This region is famous for their winter sports, mountains, and abundance of natural onsen. The famed Shirakawa-go thatched village can be found here.

Shirakawago Village, Japan

Tokyo & Mt. Fuji

Tokyo is more than just a city. It’s one of Japan’s 47 prefectures, and the Greater Tokyo Area is the most populated city in the world. Needless to say, Tokyo gets the lion’s share of international tourism. The surrounding mountains, including Mount Fuji, are scattered in different prefectures, but Tokyo’s excellent transportation service makes these treks easily doable as a day trip from the city.

Fireworks over Rainbow Bridge, Tokyo

Northern Honshu

Northern Honshu and the Tohoku Region are host to some of Japan’s best festivals. The Chagu Chagu Horse Festival is a parade of traditional culture unlike anything else, while the Sendai Tanabata Festival is one of the country’s largest Tanabata matsuri. The region has also seen some devastating natural disasters, including the magnitude 9 Great East Japan Earthquake, the largest earthquake to ever hit the country.

Paper streamers for the Sendai Tanabata

Hokkaido & Sapporo

Hokkaido is Japan’s largest prefecture, taking up its second-largest island at the far northern tip of Japan. Despite its cool climate, the region covers a large chunk of Japan’s arable land and makes good use of it — high-quality Hokkaido cantaloupe are some of the most expensive fruits in Japan. The capital of Sapporo is a popular winter destination for its skiing, onsen, and the Snow Festival, while the cool summers attract those tired of the south’s humid heat.

Sapporo Snow Festival
landscape with balloons floating in the air

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