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Folding screen detail of Hiroshima Castle Town, c. 1805 [artist unknown] | Hiroshima City Library / Public Domain
Folding screen detail of Hiroshima Castle Town, c. 1805 [artist unknown] | Hiroshima City Library / Public Domain

A History Buff’s Guide to Hiroshima

Picture of Christine Bagarino
Updated: 18 April 2018
While Hiroshima is perhaps best-known outside of Japan for the solemn events that took place there during World War II, Hiroshima City and the prefecture at large have a rich history that played an important role in Japan’s shift from a feudal to modern society.

Modern-day Hiroshima is located in the Chugoku region, the area west of Kansai, where it shares its northern border with Shimane prefecture and has its southern border on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea. On that side, it faces the island of Shikoku with numerous islands dotting the sea between the two. The prefectural capital, Hiroshima City, is one of the most famous sightseeing destinations in Chugoku.

Hiroshima prefecture, colors modified to show Hiroshima City in orange