Tsang Kin-wah’s art combines video, paint, text and photography in a vivid interrogation of morality and the ethics of art. Inspired by the Bible, he combines the sacred and the profane, questioning the limits of both, whilst proposing a moral argument for the necessity of art in a world blighted by natural disaster, and incomprehensible tragedy.
A tall and thin figure always in a t-shirt and a pair of well-worn sneakers, Hong Kong artist Tsang Kin-wah is the kind of artist who is not yet preoccupied by his fame or over-pretentious, but simply lets his art do the talking. Tsang made his career by creating art which blends foul language with beautiful and pleasing floral patterns that lingers in one’s head upon encountering it.
Born in 1976, Tsang Kin-wah graduated from the Department of Fine Arts of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, a major cradle where new generations of artists are nurtured to push Hong Kong Art onto the international map. Subsequently in 2002-2003, he moved to London and studied Book Art at the Camberwell College of Arts; this period of time proved pivotal to his artistic career. Despite being quiet, Tsang Kin-wah is a hard-thinker and is never too shy to articulate his ideas and emotions — including anger and fear, which he expresses through his art, simultaneously contesting the notion of morality in a minimal, precise and concise way. Take his work Untitled-Hong Kong (2003-2004) as an example. This is an installation which features words arranged in a William Morris-inspired floral pattern and painted in China blue. Upon looking closer, viewers are shocked by the vulgarity of these Chinese words and the slang embedded within. The piece ultimately shows the artist’s resentment towards materialism, or maximalism, which reigns in the city where he resides. The public loves Tsang’s work because it is dynamic and self-explanatory; he embraces the space with words that snake up on the wall and slither across the floor. Tsang broke into the international world with his word-art installation, and his attentiveness to his art ever since has kept him continually pushing boundaries. He constantly reinvents himself by expanding his questions within the broader question of ‘what is art?’, which serves as a starting point for a more spiritual and philosophical series of work called the Seven Seals.
In 2009, Tsang Kin-wah started off the Seven Seals (2009-ongoing) series by projecting texts onto the walls and floor inside a white box. Taken from the Book of Revelation from the Bible, the Seven Seals series refers to the seven symbolic seals that secure a scroll in the vision of St. John the Apostle. When a seal is broken, a judgment is passed, and when all seven seals have been opened the Christ will return. According to the Book, the judgement comes in the form of apocalypse — warfare, terrorism, and natural disasters. Here, Tsang shares his sentiment towards Nietzsche and expands his interests in the notion of human morality and the external world. This is an urgent issue to the artist as a global citizen; to search for meaning in a difficult time.
The Fifth Seal – He Shall Deliver You Up To Be Afflicted And Killed As He Was (2011), shown at the Mori Art Museum is one part of the series. Walls in the gallery are enveloped with short phrases which appear as if an admonition:
‘the name, the call, the breath, the dead…the soul that sinneth, the body that sinneth, all souls are his, all souls are all his souls,…death shall be victorious, suffering shall be grateful, stand in faultful splendour, stand in sinful splendour,… immediately you will be reborn again, the courage to die for him, the courage not to live for the you, the stepping stone to the vengeance, the stepping stone to the completion, the duty of the devoted, the glory of the devoted, the sufficient sacrifice, and the glorious extinction, this is not the end, there is no end’.
The animated text increases its speed as the ambient sound — reminiscent of cries and pain — intensifies, then congests the entire room, on a continual loop. Immersed in an overwhelming storm of provocative texts, varying feelings swell up within each viewer, leaving them with an inalienable emotional impact.
If the Seven Seals is a critique of hegemony, Ecce Homo Trilogy I (2012) questions reality in politics in a more direct manner. This work uses footage taken from the 1989 trial and subsequent execution of Nicolae Ceausescu as the main subject matter. It uses this footage to investigate the moral complexity in response to a judgement, the deliberation of a legal sentence, and the extent to which they disavow our dignity as human beings. A breakthrough from his earlier installation, this work revolves from his signature text-based installation, but extends to paintings and four sets of projections of video footage, which are manipulated in a grainy yet painterly manner. The videos are namely the Prelude, Trial, Execution and Burial. If his earlier religious and spiritual work requires contemplation, the Ecce Homo Trilogy I offers a straightforward narration which provokes one’s self-consciousness. It is true that Tsang’s ambition is not alone in engaging viewers’ minds, but as ‘witnesses’ we seize this genuine painful bodily experience in order to negotiate with moral issues that one compasses.
The way in which Tsang’s work consistently addresses and questions pressing issues surrounding humanism is admirable. An early phase of the artist’s new attempt, Prelude, within the Seven Bowls series (2013), takes reference from the seven bowls of God’s wrath, once again from the Book of Revelation. It is about plagues sent from God as the world approaches its end. A three-channel video and sound projection, the work uses footage of 311 earthquake-tsunami incidents in Japan in 2011, and creates a journey for viewers to experience natural disaster, highlighting the incapability, vulnerability, anxiety and fear of human beings when facing the real power of nature. It is never an easy task to maintain a consistent belief in the pursuit of such a serious and heavy subject matter. Whether or not all viewers share the same insight with Tsang Kin-wah, it is undeniable that there is a depth beneath the surface of his words. Language, pattern, and an honest desire to push and to endorse art, are all things not just to be reflected on, but things that serve as a necessary response to life.
By Isabella Tam
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