10 of Nigeria’s Top Museums

Gidan Makama Museum, Kano
Gidan Makama Museum, Kano | © Wikimedia
Cynthia Okoroafor

As a tourist, regardless of whether or not you’re a history or art lover, it is recommended that you visit the local museum at your destination. If Nigeria happens to be your latest destination—temporary or permanently—below are ten of the country’s top museums in ten of its most popular cities. Mini caveat: The conditions of the museums may or may not be at their best as at when you visit, but be reminded; you’ll learn a lot.

1. Benin City National Museum


benin brass
© Michel wal / WikiCommons
This museum is home to a large number of Nigeria’s terracotta, bronze, and cast iron artifacts. In the 1940s, what was then the museum was privately located in the Oba’s Palace. It was relocated in the 1970s and became a public center. The museum holds three galleries.

The Benin people were famous for their iron and bronze casting skills. Unfortunately, some of the relics from this time in the city’s history can only be viewed in pictures, as a result of a British offensive in 1897.

2. Calabar Old Residency Museum


This museum wasn’t even built in Nigeria. It was shipped over here in pieces from Scotland, through Morocco, to serve as headquarters for the British colonial administration. The Old Residency Museum is truly rich in historical knowledge of Nigeria in pre-colonial and colonial times, particularly with regards to the affluent palm oil trade, as well as the slave trade era. A collection of “ritual terracotta” can also be found at the museum.

Records and relics are carefully preserved and exhibited within the museum, which also provides visitors with a lovely scenery.

Esię Museum

This museum is Nigeria’s first, established in 1945. Its most renowned collection is its soapstone figures (said to be the largest in the world, with about 800 of them). You most likely will hear an interesting legend about the mysterious discovery of the collection upon your visit.

Esiẹ Museum is composed of both old and modern galleries with a combined number of around 2,000 artifacts. The modern gallery was built to accommodate other artifacts besides soapstone figures from different regions in Nigeria. Every April, the museum hosts a “monument festival” to celebrate its cultural history.


Esiẹ Museum, Esiẹ, Irepodun Local Government Area, Kwara State

Jos Museum

The Jos Museum is the second museum to be established in Nigeria after the Esie Museum, and was in fact originally the country’s national museum. Built in 1952 and located within the city’s hill resort, it is notable for its architectural arrangements and rich collection of exquisitely crafted pottery and ancient Nok terracotta sculptures.

Also on display are exhibitions of the tin mining and rail systems from Colonial Nigeria. The museum was founded by British archaeologist Bernard Fagg.


Jos Museum, PMB 2031, Jos City, Plateau State

3. Kaduna National Museum


One interesting thing about this museum is its live craft feature, which allows visitors to watch local craftspeople and artisans working in real time. Crafts, archaeology, and ethnography are central to the museum’s existence. It was established in 1975 and also contains artifacts from the Nok and Igbo-Ukwu cultures.

4. Gidan Makama Museum Kano

Building, Museum

Gidan Makama Museum, Kano
© Wikimedia
The Gidan Makama Museum, or Kano Museum, is one of Nigeria’s National Monuments. The 15th-century building—which was once a palace—consists of 11 galleries which showcase different aspects of Kano and its history, including its architecture, civil war, music, and religion. Kano itself is West Africa’s oldest city and Nigeria’s second largest.

The museum’s architectural design is perhaps its most respected characteristic and achievement. Prominent amongst its exhibitions are ethnographic collections of the Hausa people and photographic documentation of the city.

5. Badagry Heritage Museum

Museum, Building

Badagry Heritage Museum
© Wikimedia
The most distinct feature of this museum is that it preserves relics and has reliable documentation of events from the Transatlantic Slave Trade era, while also showcasing the history and culture of the Badagry people along the coast, before, during, and after the period.

The one-story building built in 1863 houses eight galleries, all of which are named after the main periods of the slave era and form an interesting timeline for visitors. Both the museum and its immediate surroundings—such as the other family-oriented museums lined up on the street—make for a fascinating field trip.

6. Nigerian National Museum


This museum is one of Nigeria’s most notable ones based on the caliber of Nigerian artworks and artifacts in it. Examples of the art it showcases are the “Jemaa Head” terracotta, the Benin ivories and bronzes, and the Cycle of Life exhibit. It was founded in 1957 by English archaeologist Kenneth Murray.

Oron Museum

Oron Museum is home to some of the oldest wood carvings in the continent (known as “Ekpu”) as well as relics from the Nigerian Civil War, including Ojukwu’s bunker. It was initially established from 1958-59, but was lost to pillaging during the war. It was revived in 1975 and currently exhibits recovered wooden figurines, the cultural heritage of the local people, as well as other rare craftwork and ethnographic materials.


Oron Museum, Oron Road, Oron, Akwa Ibom

Ekpu figurine

7. National War Museum


The Civil War in Nigeria that lasted from 1966 to 1967 remains one of the most unpleasant events in the country’s history. In 1985, the National War Museum was founded in honor of the casualties and those who fought, as well as other victims of violent conflicts in Nigeria. It displays relics from the war including armored tanks, warships, local bombs, and more, as well as serves as the center for research on warfare in the country.

It is Abia State’s most significant tourist attraction. It is located at the former bunker that housed the popular war radio station “Voice of Biafra.”


You can also check these out:

Owo Museum, Owo, Ondo State.

Kanta Museum, Argungu, Kebbi State.

Natural History Museum, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Ife, Osun State.

Culture Trips launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes places and communities so special.

Our immersive trips, led by Local Insiders, are once-in-a-lifetime experiences and an invitation to travel the world with like-minded explorers. Our Travel Experts are on hand to help you make perfect memories. All our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

All our travel guides are curated by the Culture Trip team working in tandem with local experts. From unique experiences to essential tips on how to make the most of your future travels, we’ve got you covered.

Culture Trip Summer Sale

Save up to $1,665 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

Edit article