7 Customs from the Republic of Congo Only Locals Can Understand

Seven unusual Congolese customs
Seven unusual Congolese customs | © Michael Driver / Culture Trip
Victoire Douniama

The Republic of Congo is rich in culture with its variety of ethnic tribes. Although certain practices in Congo might be common in other African countries, most remain common only to Congolese people. Here are seven customs from Congo only locals can understand.

Sharing drinks with ancestors

Although most people rarely practice this ceremony in the 21st century, many people are still very familiar with this ritual. Sharing a drink with your ancestors is a sign of respect. At a traditional Congolese wedding, for example, the bride’s father or grandfather takes the traditional beer known as “cham-cham” and pours it on the ground. This is a way of sharing the drink with the ancestors so that they can celebrate along with the family. It is also said that by doing this you are showing a sign of respect to your ancestors, therefore they will keep a watchful eye on you on the other side.


‘Moziki’, also known as ‘mutuelle’ in French, refers to a group of people gathering to help each other. Moziki groups usually agree on a specific amount of money that every member can contribute during the month. The money is then saved and given to any group member that has an upcoming event such as a birthday, wedding, funeral, or the birth of a baby.

The aim of the Moziki group members is to help each other in times of financial need. For example, after the death of a member, the Moziki group gather in a local shebeen after the burial to drink, dance, and celebrate. This might be a very unusual way of mourning for most people, but it’s nothing out of the ordinary for Congolese locals.

Throwing a child’s baby teeth on the roof

As a child grows up they lose their deciduous, or milk teeth so that the permanent teeth can grow. This is no news to anyone and in most countries the tooth is put under a pillow for the tooth fairy to collect at night. In Congo when a child loses a baby tooth the parents take it and throw it on top of the roof. It is believed that this custom is practiced so that the child’s teeth can grow properly again.

Grocery shopping at home

This is not a reference to online grocery shopping on your favourite store’s website. In Congo many women have adapted the habit of grocery shopping at home, literally at your front yard. No need for wifi connectivity or anything; simply grab a chair and take a seat in your front yard. Soon enough there will be a couple of street vendors that parade around neighbourhoods selling groceries such as fresh vegetables, fruit and pretty much anything you might want to add to your meal. The vendors go around the neighbourhood calling out the product that they are selling. If a customer is interested they can call them in their house and the vendor will make a sale, plus the prices can sometimes be negotiated. This method of shopping is preferable to many people.

Shaving a widow’s head

If a woman’s husband is deceased she will have to shave off all her hair. This custom is practiced in most tribes in Congo. The widow’s hair is shaved off by her late husband’s family because it is believed that after the husband is dead his spirit can remain in the wife’s hair. If she does not shave her hair it might bring bad luck, sickness and possibly death. Also, if the widow does not shave her hair it is a sign of disrespect to her in-laws. This custom is practiced in most but not all tribes. In other tribes the widow may keep her hair but must not groom it by adding extensions or dying it. This is not allowed as she is supposed to pay respect to her deceased husband and his family and show people that she is in a grieving state. This process can last up to six months and in some tribes even a year.

Head shakes instead of hand shakes

While handshakes are still a very popular way of greeting, it’s not as common in Congo. When two men meet in Congo they can great each other by simply rubbing their heads against each other side by side. This form of greeting is only performed by men of a certain ethnic group. It is also forbidden for women to greet this way.

“La presentation”

If a man is not ready to be married to his girlfriend but still wants to show her and her parents respect he can arrange what is known as “la presentation“. The presentation is a ceremony that consists of a man presenting himself to the family of the woman he is dating and bringing the family gifts as a way to ask the woman’s parents for permission to date their daughter, but the ceremony is not a wedding. It is usually performed if the man in question cannot afford to pay a bride price. The bride price ceremony is one and the same as the wedding ceremony and can cost thousands of francs. If the man is not financially stable it is a respectable sign to present himself to the woman’s parents and have their approval for the relationship.

culture trip left arrow
 culture trip brand logo

Volcanic Iceland Epic Trip

meet our Local Insider


women sitting on iceberg


2 years.


It's the personal contact, the personal experiences. I love meeting people from all over the world... I really like getting to know everyone and feeling like I'm traveling with a group of friends.


I have so many places on my list, but I would really lobe to go to Africa. I consider myself an “adventure girl” and Africa feels like the ULTIMATE adventure!

culture trip logo letter c
group posing for picture on iceberg
group posing for picture on iceberg

Every CULTURE TRIP Small-group adventure is led by a Local Insider just like Hanna.

map of volcanic iceland trip destination points
culture trip brand logo
culture trip right arrow
landscape with balloons floating in the air


Connect with like-minded people on our premium trips curated by local insiders and with care for the world

Since you are here, we would like to share our vision for the future of travel - and the direction Culture Trip is moving in.

Culture Trip launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful — and this is still in our DNA today. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes certain places and communities so special.

Increasingly we believe the world needs more meaningful, real-life connections between curious travellers keen to explore the world in a more responsible way. That is why we have intensively curated a collection of premium small-group trips as an invitation to meet and connect with new, like-minded people for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in three categories: Culture Trips, Rail Trips and Private Trips. Our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.

Culture Trips are deeply immersive 5 to 16 days itineraries, that combine authentic local experiences, exciting activities and 4-5* accommodation to look forward to at the end of each day. Our Rail Trips are our most planet-friendly itineraries that invite you to take the scenic route, relax whilst getting under the skin of a destination. Our Private Trips are fully tailored itineraries, curated by our Travel Experts specifically for you, your friends or your family.

We know that many of you worry about the environmental impact of travel and are looking for ways of expanding horizons in ways that do minimal harm - and may even bring benefits. We are committed to go as far as possible in curating our trips with care for the planet. That is why all of our trips are flightless in destination, fully carbon offset - and we have ambitious plans to be net zero in the very near future.