When you think of skyscrapers, we’re sure buildings including the Burj Khalifa in UAE and the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur come to mind, but ‘Down Under’, we have our own impressive collection of buildings. In fact, Australia’s first skyscraper, the APA building, was built in Melbourne in 1889 and was among the tallest buildings in the world in the late 19th century. These days, Australian architects are continually reaching for the skies as states try to out-stretch each other with higher and more innovative skyscrapers. These ten are currently the tallest buildings in the country.
Currently the tallest building in Australia is Q1 in Surfers Paradise, on the Gold Coast. Designed by the Sunland group, Queensland’s Number One has a height of 322.5 meters when measured to the tip of the spire and 78 floors. When it opened in November 2005, Q1 was the tallest residential building in the world, but the title was lost in 2011 to The Marina Torch in Dubai. Inspired by the 2000 Sydney Olympic Torch and the Sydney Opera House, Q1 features Australia’s only beachside observation deck on floors 77 and 78. SkyPoint offers 360-degree views and can be reached via express elevator in 43 seconds.
In Melbourne, the Eureka Tower takes second place, with a height of 297.3 meters which when completed in October 2006 was the tallest residential building in the world. Named after the Eureka Stockade rebellion of 1854, the building’s design features a gold crown, red stripe and blue glass paneling symbolizing the gold rush, blood spilt and the Stockade flag. There are 556 apartments spread across 84 floors and on the 88th floor is the Eureka Skydeck 88 which opened in May 2007 and features ‘The Edge’— a three meter glass cube that suspends groups of people 300 meters above the ground. Eureka Tower also hosts an annual stair climb and the current record for climbing 1642 stairs is seven minutes.
Taking the bronze is 120 Collins Street which stands at 265 meters and is the tallest office building in Australia. Completed in 1991, the building’s postmodern design was inspired by New York City’s art deco buildings. Located at the Paris end of Collins Street, the building has 50 levels of office space and current tenants include Rio Tinto, ASIC and Blue Scoop Steel. The building’s current owners Investa Property Group have worked to refurbish the offices implementing ‘ozone friendly and energy efficient chillers, LED technology lighting to the communications tower, flow restrictors on all taps, a rainwater capture system with on-site capacity of 35,200 litres and a tenant commingle waste collection program.’
Five meters short of her sister is 101 Collins Street. Completed in March 1991, the 260-meter building was designed by architectural firm Denton Corker Marshall and sits on the former location of the CRA building. The foyer was designed by New York architect John Burgee and includes four still water pools, 23 carat gold leaf backgrounds, sculptures and art pieces, Italian marble, Zimbabwean black granite and a bullseye and art exhibitions are often held in the foyer. 101 Collins Street constantly works towards reducing the building’s carbon footprint and has received a 4.0 NABERS Energy rating.
Although yet to be completed, when finished, 1 William Street, Brisbane will stand just shy of 260 meters. With a budget of $650 million, construction began in Brisbane’s central business district in 2013 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2016 or at the latest early 2017. Architect Woods Bagot is responsible for the SAHMRI building in Adelaide, the National Australia Bank in Melbourne Docklands and the Qatar Science & Technology Park in Doha and 1 William Street is expected to show a modern style and is predicated to receive a five star NABERS office energy rating.
Conveniently located in Southbank, Prima Pearl was developed by PDG Corporation and Schiavello and designed by Disegno Australia for optimum luxury. Opened in June 2014, Prima Pearl features 667 apartments, a 17-seat cinema, 25-meter pool, day spa, gym, virtual golf simulator and for residents of levels 46 and above there is a Sky Lounge with infinity pool, bar and lounge. The bronze reflective exterior includes 8.500 glass panels and is the third tallest residential building in Australia with a height of 254 meters.
Designed by architects Gerard de Preu and Partners, Rialto Towers opened in 1986 on the west side of Melbourne’s Central Business District. The taller South Tower is 251 meters tall and has 63 floors, while the shorter North Tower is 185 meters high with 43 floors. Named after the historical Rialto Building next door, the tinted glass of Rialto Towers can often be seen changing colours throughout the day from navy to glimmering gold. In July 1994, Melbourne’s first public observation deck opened on the 55th floor and closed in December 2009 to make way for restaurant Vue de Monde.
Brisbane’s Infinity Tower was the tallest building in Brisbane until 1 William Street, which is expected to open in 2017. It is 249 meters tall and has 81 floors which house 549 apartments. Builder Meriton began construction on the site in November 2009 and the building opened in July 2013. Facilities offered by Infinity Tower include a spa, lap pool, gym and sauna and apartments range from one – three bedrooms. Infinity Tower is the tallest building in Queensland from ground to roof; however, Q1 is taller when the spire is taken into consideration.
The tallest building on the west coast is Perth’s Central Park office tower. It shares the same height (249 meters) as Brisbane’s Infinity Tower and has 51 floors. Formerly the site of department store David Jones, construction on Central Park began in 1988 and the building was completed in 1992. Designed by architects Forbes & Fitzhardinge, Central Park features a conference center, fitness center, mail facility and 500-square-meter park with a fountain and plaza area.
Rounding out our top ten list is Sydney’s Chifley Tower, which upon competition in 1992 stood 241 meters tall. However, in 2000 a three-meter lighting rod was added, extending the building’s height to a total of 244 meters. Designed by New York-based architects Travis McEwen and Kohn Pedersen, Fox Chifley has 53 floors and is used primarily by financial institutions and law firms. Until 2010, the French restaurant Forty-One was located on level 42.