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Union Jack flag at full mast | © Rian (Ree) Saunders Flickr
Union Jack flag at full mast | © Rian (Ree) Saunders Flickr
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9 Things You Didn’t Know About the Union Jack Flag

Picture of Richard Franks
Freelance Travel & Music Writer
Updated: 4 April 2018
A quintessential part of Great British history and tradition, the Union Jack – or Union Flag – has years of history behind it. How many of these nine facts about the flag did you know?

It’s not actually called the Union Jack…

Surprisingly, with a flag that is known so synonymously as the Union Jack, its official name is the Union Flag!

The flag is only called the Union Jack when it’s at sea

The only time the Union Flag is officially called the Union Jack is when it is being flown at sea. The “jack” part comes from a jack being another name for a national maritime flag flown at the head of a ship.

Union Jack flag at sea
Union Jack flag at sea | © Elliot Brown/Flickr

The flag was designed by King James I

King James I (James VI of Scotland) designed the flag when he inherited the thrones of England and Scotland back in 1606. King James I wanted to combine the two crosses of the respective nations, and thus the Union Flag was born.

Ireland wasn’t added straight away, though

Ireland’s famous Cross of St. Patrick was not included during the flag’s inception in the early 1600s, due to Ireland not becoming part of the United Kingdom until 1801. In 1922, Ireland would then go on to form their own state, with just Northern Ireland retaining its British status.

It houses three flags in one

The flag houses England’s Cross of St. George, Scotland’s Cross of St. Andrew and Ireland’s Cross of St. Patrick to form a hybrid of red, white and blue patriotism.

England, Scotland and N.I flags forming the Union Flag
England, Scotland and N.I flags forming the Union Flag | © codicicolori.com

Wales is missing, though

Despite being a part of the United Kingdom, Wales’ famous red dragon does not feature on the flag. Hearsay states that as Wales was historically a part of England, they were not to be considered a separate entity.

There is no real code of conduct surrounding the flag

Unlike other countries, there is no real code of conduct surrounding the Union Flag. This means that the flag can be reproduced in its original form on merchandise, memorabilia and printed materials, unlike the USA flag which has an entire code dedicated to it.

Union Jack umbrella
Union Jack umbrella | © Garry Knight/Flickr

The Union Flag is not symmetrical

To the untrained eye, the flag looks symmetrical, doesn’t it? Turn the flag around and you’ll spot a slight difference. It’s the little things that make all the difference…