Tarnów has a historic Town Hall, sitting in the heart of its Old Town Square (Stary Rynek). It began life as a Gothic building in the 15th century, but has since been through changes during the Renaissance period, and again in the 1800s. You can go inside into the little museum, which has relics in silver and glass of the noble family who used to rule over Tarnów. It’s worth watching day turn to night as the lights come on and the bars fill up.
Tarnów contains the mausoleum of General Józef Bem. Bem was born in this city and is considered a national hero in Poland, Hungary and the former Ottoman Empire. Bem was an engineer and army general who fought for what he believed in – to maintain and protect Poland’s borders. As well as visiting his mausoleum, Bem also has a statue on Forteczna Street.
The Mikvah (Jewish Bath House) in Tarnów has a truly sad history. Jews used this place to meet and bathe for generations. However, on June 14, 1940, Nazis took 753 convicts (most of whom were not actually Jewish) from the local prison and locked them here overnight. The next morning they were all escorted at gunpoint to the notorious Nazi Concentration Camp known as Auschwitz. They were the first prisoners to enter that death camp. Surprisingly, it has since been used as a bar and nightclub, and these days houses an up-market restaurant.
If you have visited the Town Hall, then you will already have been in Tarnów’s Stary Rynek (Old Town Square). It’s a typical Polish Old Town square with the town hall in the centre, but here it is the buildings that surround it which add to the appeal. The architectural styles vary from Neo-Gothic to Renaissance right up to the post-war constructions. This means new local cafés, international restaurants and even a cosy Irish pub (called Leprikon) in which to relax.
As mentioned, Tarnów has a huge Jewish history to explore. The cemetery might be intact, but all that remains of the Old Synagogue is this small brick ‘bimah’. It was here on this platform that the Torah was read. The first synagogue here was in 1582, but it was affected by a few fires and always rebuilt until the Nazi Invasion in 1939, when it was completely destroyed. It is actually a little bit hidden and out of the way – head to Plac Rybny (Fish Square) and you will see it on Żydowska Street.
A trip to the nearby village of Zalipie could well be the highlight of your time in Tarnów. Zalipie is a village completely covered in flower art! Zalipie is a small village of just 743 residents. Women in the village have been painting floral designs on the houses for over a century. The art can be seen not just on the outside of buildings, but also in the kitchens and bedrooms. You can visit the museum and tour the house where the painters work.
Tarnów’s finest church is the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which was visited by the Pope in 1987. It is a Gothic church near the Old Town Square; the earliest trace of a church here dates back to 1330. The grounds of the Cathedral also contain the iconic Pope John Paul II statue.
Football is a huge passion in Poland, and Tarnów embraces this with two football teams – ZKS Unia Tarnów and Tarnovia Tarnów, both teams plying their trade in the top three divisions. Match tickets are easy to come by, and the teams play in rival stadiums in the city.
One sport that is hugely popular here is Speedway (stadium-based motorcycle racing). The city’s famous team, Unia Tarnów, shares their name and stadium with the ZKS Unia Tarnów football team. The team were Polish champions in 2004, 2005 and 2012.
Statues of John Paul II are few and far between in Poland, at his own request. Before he died, Poland’s iconic Pope told the Polish people not to waste their money making statues of him, but instead to put the money towards charities and orphanages. However, some statues were funded by other projects, and this one in Tarnów was one of the first statues of Pope John Paul II in Poland. It is a bronze statue showing the Pope with wide open arms.