The capital of Sicily, Palermo sits at the edge of Europe and at the heart of the ancient world. Its centuries-old, cultural mix means you’ll find souk-like markets and mosaic-tiled churches, alongside the best Mediterranean street food and bars that deliver a knockout Aperitivo Hour.
Surrounded by mountains on Sicily’s northwestern coast, Palermo was founded by Phoenician traders in the 8th century. It’s been shaped by many different cultures over the centuries, from Greek and Roman to Byzantine and Arabic – a legacy that’s reflected in its varied cuisine and architecture. Here’s our pick of the best things to see and do in the Sicilian capital, from snooping backstage at Italy’s largest theatre to visiting a catacomb populated by 8,000 human skeletons.
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Mummified corpses line the walls at the Capuchin Catacombs, a series of underground burial chambers, housing the remains of 8,000 monks and Palermitans. Laid to rest between the mid 16th and early 20th centuries, these macabre attractions are pinned to the wall and dressed in attire specified in advance by their former occupants. Particularly spooky is the amazingly well-preserved corpse of Rosalia Lombardo, who died in 1920 at two years of age. No photography is allowed inside.
Each of Palermo’s neighbourhoods has its own market, but the three biggest are Vucciria, Ballaro and Capo. Viccuria is the scruffiest and extends down Via dei Frangiai. Ballaro, on and round Via Dalmazio Birago, is the largest and best for street food. Capo clogs Porta Carini and Sant’Agostino streets with stalls selling everything from spices and olives to fish, meat and vegetables. Stop frequently for buffitieri (hot snacks that are meant to be eaten on the street).
For a bite-on-the-go, head to this typical Palermitan bakery, situated down the road from the Piersanti Mattarella Park (or English Gardens). As well as a great selection of freshly-baked loaves and sweets, it serves up some of the best Sicilian-style pizza in town. Named sfincione, it’s a rectangular slice of thick focaccia, usually topped with tomato sauce, onions, herbs, cheese and anchovies. Order a slice or two to take away and find a shaded spot in the Mattarella.
Simple, canteen-style Bar Touring is situated a 45-minute walk from central Palermo, but it’s worth the trek to taste the arancini. These are deep-fried rice balls, usually filled with pea and ham risotto or mince slow-cooked in tomato sauce. Here, they’re absolutely enormous, golden and crispy on the outside and creamy within. Follow with a slice of home-made pistachio cake, an espresso or one of the many flavours of gelato available.
Now serving as an ostentatious headquarters for a training and research company, this pink gothic castle was originally built as a luxury hotel for entrepreneur Michele Utveggio between 1928 and 1933. Perched atop the 350-metre (1,148 feet) Mount Pellegrino, it occupies a site offering views over Palermo and out to sea that Goethe thought were the most beautiful in the world. To decide whether you agree with the poet, visit the viewing platforms that surround the castle – it’s 90 minutes on foot from central Palermo.
This is an updated rewrite of an article originally by Luca Pinelli.