What began life in 1990 as a pair of games by Japanese creator Satoshi Tajiri on the Nintendo Game Boy has now become a multibillion-dollar franchise. The original inspiration behind Pokémon (the name is derived from the words ‘pocket monsters’) came from the traditional anime and manga movies popular in Japan, with particular references to Godzilla and Ultraman. Players are tasked with collecting a number of monsters, training them and then embarking on battles against other players. Nintendo is still involved in the franchise, releasing the mobile game Pokémon Go in 2016 and the Detective Pikachu game in the same year.
The games were a huge success and led to an animated series, which in turn has led to further adaptations on screen and several spin-off comics. Tajiri also served as an executive producer on Warner Bros’ live-action adaptation Pokémon Detective Pikachu, which stars Ryan Reynolds, Justice Smith and Kathryn Newton and puts the world’s most famous Pokémon character front and centre.
Culture Trip caught up with Ryan Reynolds to chat about the longevity of Pokémon and Pikachu and find out more about the city of Tokyo.
The fictional Ryme City is home to the characters of Pokémon Detective Pikachu. Conceived as a mash-up of London, New York and Tokyo, Ryme City serves as the perfect backdrop for the movie. Most of the filming took place in London around the Square Mile, the capital’s financial district.
Ryme City has to look like a place where humans and Pokémon can coexist. Production designer Nigel Phelps says the brief was to create a “modern metropolis, with the familiar and unknown”. Digital effects were used to extend the London skyline and mask the real location.
Truman Brewery in East London is featured in one scene, and the climax takes place at 122 Leadenhall, a building informally known as The Cheesegrater. A number of other locations in Bishopsgate and Broadgate Plaza can be seen in the movie, as well as Richard Rogers’s Lloyd’s London building.
Additional filming took place in the Scottish Highlands, in particular Glen Affric, Glen Orchy and Finnich Glen.
Pokémon and its associated properties continue to thrive decades after launching. Their initial success could be put down to the popularity of portable Game Boy consoles at the time, as well as to the addictive nature of the collectable games. The ease with which Pokémon transferred to other media, thanks in no small part to the talismanic Pikachu character, also added to the popularity of the franchise.
What makes Pokémon so uniquely popular in Japan is the way the show is constructed. Lead human character Ash Ketchum (also known as Satoshi) is error-prone and fallible. In keeping with Japan’s kawaii (‘cute’) culture, he chooses cuter monsters over the more powerful ones and repeatedly starts his collections from scratch.
The augmented reality (AR) mobile game Pokémon Go launched in 2016, taking the original game mechanics and using modern phone technology to huge acclaim. The game has amassed over a billion downloads and been credited with advancing location-based AR to previously unimaginable levels.
Detective Pikachu, a narrative-based adventure mystery game, also launched in 2016. This format was also successful and has been used as the basis of the upcoming film.
Pokémon Detective Pikachu is the first live-action Pokémon movie, but there have already been a number of animated films from the franchise. Below, you can find the 22 Pokémon films in order of release and with their English-language titles.
Animated series: Pokémon: The Original (Season 1)
Pokémon: The First Movie – Mewtwo Strikes Back (1998)
Pokémon: The Movie 2000 – The Power of One (2000)
Pokémon 3: The Movie – Spell of the Unown (2001)
Pokémon 4Ever: Celebi – Voice of the Forest (2002)
Pokémon Heroes: Latios and Latias (2003)
Animated series: Pokémon: Advanced Generation (Season 2)
Jirachi – Wish Maker (2004)
Destiny Deoxys (2005)
Lucario and the Mystery of Mew (2006)
Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea (2007)
Animated series: Pokémon: Diamond & Pearl (Season 3)
The Rise of Darkrai (2008)
Giratina and the Sky Warrior (2009)
Arceus and the Jewel of Life (2009)
Zoroark – Master of Illusions (2011)
Animated series: Pokémon: Best Wishes! (Season 4)
White–Victini and Zekrom (2011)
Black–Victini and Reshiram (2011)
Kyurem vs the Sword of Justice (2012)
Genesect and the Legend Awakened (2013)
Animated series: Pokémon: XY (Season 5)
Diancie and the Cocoon of Destruction (2014)
Hoopa and the Clash of Ages (2015)
Volcanion and the Mechanical Marvel (2016)
Alternate continuity movies
I Choose You! (2017)
The Power of Us (2018)
The latest film in the Pokémon series, Pokémon Detective Pikachu, is on general release now.