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Woman in pink and grey | © Tamara Bellis/Unsplash
Woman in pink and grey | © Tamara Bellis/Unsplash
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How to Stay in Shape the Japanese Way

Picture of Alicia Joy
Tokyo Writer
Updated: 1 March 2017
The Japanese seem to be so effortlessly slim – but how do they do it? Learn the secrets behind the health, wellness and long lifespans of the Japanese.

Portions

Western serving sizes are much bigger than those in Japan, often quantity and not quality is what sells in the mainstream culture. But in Japan, quality and enjoyment are more important, so portions are generally smaller.

Breaded, fried chicken wings | © Brian Chan/Unsplash
Breaded, fried chicken wings | © Brian Chan/Unsplash

Snack time

Snacking is not really that common once people reach adulthood in Japan. When they do snack, they tend to enjoy things that are healthy anyway, like seaweed or dried fish, onigiri or rice crackers.

Restaurant in Taito Ward, Tokyo | © Redd Angelo/Unsplash
Restaurant in Taito Ward, Tokyo | © Redd Angelo/Unsplash

Sweet thing

Japanese desserts and sweets, like chocolate and cake, are less sweet than their Western counterparts. People don’t have a taste for high sugar content and instead enjoy all the flavors of a particularly food, not just sweet. Things that wouldn’t even be considered dessert in the West, like lightly sweetened tofu and red bean, are a tasty treat in Japan.

Cookies | © Olia Gozha/Unsplash
Cookies | © Olia Gozha/Unsplash

Eat a variety

In Japan westerners have a reputation for being unadventurous when it comes to food. The Japanese like to eat a mix of foods at every meal, incorporating different textures, colors and flavors. Seasonal and regional foods are preferred, so people are always eating whatever is fresh and in season.

Japanese style meal including natto and pickles | © 10-89/Pixabay
Japanese style meal including natto and pickles | © 10-89/Pixabay

Hara hachi bu

The Japanese have a policy of eating just until they feel satisfied, but not full. A version of this is known as hara hachi bu, meaning you should only eat until you’re about 80% full. Many Japanese centenarians attribute their long life to this rule.

The soda habit

Sugary, carbonated drinks are not nearly as popular as healthier alternatives like unsweetened tea. There are no giant slushie machines in the convenience stores or bottomless refills of Coke. In fact, many Japanese restaurants that cater to the lunchtime crowd won’t even have a drink menu. They just supply water or tea free of charge.

Glass pop bottles | © Francesco Gallarotti/Unsplash
Glass drink bottles | © Francesco Gallarotti/Unsplash

Incidental exercise

People don’t have time for planned, structured exercise at the gym, so they make sure to incorporate it into their day. Usually this happens incidentally since long commutes to work or school on foot, bike or train are common. It’s also little things, like making frequent trips to the grocers instead of doing one big weekly shop, that help the Japanese to stay slim.

Tokyo Metro station | © uniquedesign52/Pixabay
Tokyo Metro station | © uniquedesign52/Pixabay

Societal pressure

In the West, a significant portion of the population is overweight, so it’s nothing new, and large clothing sizes are freely available. In Japan, the pressure to be thin is immense. Finding clothing sizes for larger folks is difficult and people aren’t shy about pointing out weight issues to get you on track.

Pedestrians and cyclists in Tokyo | © cegoh/Pixabay
Pedestrians and cyclists in Tokyo | © cegoh/Pixabay