The 11 Most Beautiful Mosques In Indonesia

Baiturrahman Mosque, Aceh
Baiturrahman Mosque, Aceh | © Adhi Rachdian/Flickr
Edira Putri

As the largest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia has some of the biggest and most majestic mosques. More than simply aesthetically beautiful, some of these mosques also have cultural and historical significance, which are reflected in the contemplative architecture. From oriental style to futuristic design, discover the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia.

1. Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, Banda Aceh


Baiturrahman Mosque, Aceh
© Wikimedia Commons
Located in the heart of the sharia-governed Aceh Province, this mosque survived the devastating tsunami in 2004, sheltering thousands of evacuee within its sturdy structure. After renovation work, it was reopened in 2017, retaining its original design with grand domes and a classy monochromatic façade. During its first construction in 1879, materials like marble staircase, windows, and building stones were sourced from China, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The mosque’s new face features hydraulic umbrella-shaped towers and a new pond in its front yard.

2. Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta


The majestic Istiqlal Mosque in Jakarta
© Anthony Cramp / Flickr
This grand mosque is perhaps one of the most important landmarks in Indonesia and certainly the biggest mosque in Southeast Asia. Built as a manifestation of gratitude for the nation’s independence, its grand architecture is dense with cultural and historical symbols, such as a 45-meter diameter of the central dome to commemorate the year of independence. The massive mosque complex has only one minaret to represent the divine oneness of God, soaring at 66.66 meters tall to symbolize the 6,666 verses in the Quran. Awed visitors include Barack Obama, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, Angela Merkel, and many more world leaders.

3. Dian al Mahri Mosque, Depok


Dian al Mahri Mosque, Depok
©Wikimedia Commons
This mosque is also known as the Golden Dome Mosque, for obvious reasons. The five gold-coated domes are certainly hard to miss when admiring the architecture, which draws from Middle Eastern style with multiple minarets, domes, and Islamic decorative detail. The exquisite mosque was named after its benefactor, a businesswoman by the name Hj. Dian Djuriah Maimun Al Rashid. At 50 hectares, this is also one of Southeast Asia largest mosques.

4. Bayur Grand Mosque, Agam Regency


©Wikimedia Commons

Unlike most other mosques in Indonesia (or anywhere else for that matter), Bayur Mosque combines Thailand’s pagoda-style architecture with influence from West Sumatra’s traditional houses with the three-tiered roof. Its architectural uniqueness is also made complete by authentic and sometimes fusion ornaments and also a beautifully-crafted landscape with fountains and fish ponds, adding tranquility to the earthy-toned mosque.

Bayur Central Mosque, Bayua, Agam Regency, West Sumatra

Bayur Grand Mosque, Agam Regency | ©Wikimedia Commons

5. Al-Akbar Mosque, Surabaya


Al-Akbar Mosque, Surabaya
©Wikimedia Commons
Also known as the Great Mosque of Surabaya, this is Indonesia’s third-largest mosque. It has 45 main entrances crafted from fine teak wood and a calming but cheerful blue-and-green leaflike dome on top of the two-storey broad building. From the 99-meter-tall tower, visitors and worshippers can enjoy a sweeping view of the city, along with Sidoarjo and Bangkalan, the two neighboring towns.

6. Al-Irsyad Mosque, Bandung


Al-Irsyad Mosque, Bandung
©Wikimedia Commons

At a glance, this futuristic, minimalist cube may not exactly look like a common mosque. But with careful observation, you can spot Arabic sentences of adoration to Allah embedded in its exterior. Designed by a local architect who is also Bandung’s mayor Ridwan Kamil, the building employs an open landscape concept with closeness to nature and natural light. The award-winning design also includes symbols of Islam in its meticulous detail, such as 99 light bulbs for 99 names of Allah, each adorned with an individual name.

Masjid Al Irsyad, Cipeundeuy, West Bandung Regency, West Java, Indonesia

Al-Irsyad Mosque, Bandung | ©Wikimedia Commons | ©Wikimedia Commons

7. Islamic Center Samarinda Mosque, Samarinda


Islamic Center Samarinda
©Wikimedia Commons

Located on the banks of the great Mahakam river, this mosque has become an iconic landmark of Samarinda, East Kalimantan (Borneo). It is an impressive architectural masterpiece with seven towering minarets and a stunning main dome adorned with flowery patterns, inspired by Istanbul’s Haghia Sophia Mosque. Its ceramic floor bordered with granite lends a feeling of luxury to the interior. The vast mosque complex also makes quite a breathtaking sight when seen from the nearby Mahakam Bridge.

Baitul Muttaqien Mosque – Islamic Center Samarinda, Jalan Slamet Riyadi, Teluk Lerong Ulu, Samarinda City, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Islamic Center Samarinda | ©Wikimedia Commons | ©Wikimedia Commons

8. Makassar Grand Mosque, Makassar

Library, Mosque

© Wikimedia Commons

Established in 1949, this is one of the oldest mosques in modern Indonesia and certainly one of the most majestic. The grand structure combines Middle Eastern style with a Mediterranean touch. The grand façade assumes a calming pastel green tone, including its two tall minarets. This grand mosque holds a giant Al Quran that has been attracting tourists’ curiosity. It also has a library with an extensive religious collection.

Masjid Raya Makassar, Jalan Masjid Raya, Gaddong, Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Makassar Grand Mosque, Makassar | © Wikimedia Commons

9. Tiban Mosque, Malang


This mosque is an unmissable landmark in the middle of a humble village. It is said, the ten-storey mosque came as a surprise even to locals because they’d never noticed the construction until the building was standing tall and beautiful, leading locals to believe that spirits built the mosque. The massive building is very ornate with detailed patterns in every corner, dominated by blue and white tones. The complex includes an Islamic boarding school and many stunning areas — ponds, terrace, gazebo and more— that are open to the public.

10. Great Mosque of Central Java, Semarang


Great Mosque of Central Java, Semarang
© Wikimedia Commons
Located in Central Java’s capital Semarang, the mosque complex covers three central buildings in a U formation, creating a spacious courtyard with the mosque at one end. Incorporating Javanese design principles, the central roof resembles that of a local traditional house, but it also symbolizes steps toward God’s presence. The house of worship also serves as a tourist destination, with a museum, convention center, café and hotel within its complex.

11. Cheng Ho Mosque, Surabaya


Cheng Ho Mosque, Surabaya
© Wikimedia Commons
This historical house of worship is one of four mosques built to commemorate Chinese admiral Cheng Ho who visited different parts of Indonesia. Like the three other mosques, the architecture looks very oriental, with pagoda instead of a dome and a lot of Chinese detail. The architecture was inspired by Niu Jie Mosque in Beijing, but this mosque also incorporates local design as well as a Middle Eastern touch. With the Arabic script of ‘Allah’ alongside carvings of dragons, the unique fusion is what makes this mosque fascinating.

Culture Trips launched in 2011 with a simple yet passionate mission: to inspire people to go beyond their boundaries and experience what makes a place, its people and its culture special and meaningful. We are proud that, for more than a decade, millions like you have trusted our award-winning recommendations by people who deeply understand what makes places and communities so special.

Our immersive trips, led by Local Insiders, are once-in-a-lifetime experiences and an invitation to travel the world with like-minded explorers. Our Travel Experts are on hand to help you make perfect memories. All our Trips are suitable for both solo travelers, couples and friends who want to explore the world together.?>

All our travel guides are curated by the Culture Trip team working in tandem with local experts. From unique experiences to essential tips on how to make the most of your future travels, we’ve got you covered.

Culture Trip Spring Sale

Save up to $1,100 on our unique small-group trips! Limited spots.

Edit article