The Falkland Islands, or The Malvinas Islands as Argentinians call them, is a British overseas territory located approximately 185 miles east of Argentina, which has been disputed since the 19th century. This dispute reached its pinnacle when, in 1982 Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands starting a war in which 655 Argentine and 255 British servicemen died and which ended in the surrender of Argentina. Thirty years later, tensions between both countries over the issue persist.
The main town of Stanley is relatively small, with a population of just over two thousand. However the area is continuously expanding, the old city outlines now becoming central points of the town. The official language is English and the majority of the population is of British descent although there are also a few immigrants, mostly from Chile. At any given time, there are about two thousand British military personnel. The country is presided over by Nigel Haywood, and has recently experienced positive economic growth. Currently, most of the inhabitants live off the fishing and tourism industry. Still under British rule, the culture is a mixture of British influences and influences from the South American continent.
The majority of literature and films about the islands are produced by outsiders, with the exception of some Falklander poems as Ernest Spencer's ‘Motherland’. In particular works related to the Falklands War have caught the international interest. Famous examples include Forgotten Voices of the Falklands by Hugh McManners and the 1989 film For Queen and Country starring Denzel Washington. The Falkland’s Play was a controversial political drama by the BBC, which explains ‘how Thatcher’s government handled the biggest crisis in British foreign affairs since Suez’. Ian Curteis' play ‘charts the backroom manoeuvrings that led to a breakdown in diplomacy, to war and to Britain's eventual victory’.