Argentina, one of the biggest countries in South America, is comprised of 23 provinces and a population of approximately 40 million. Known for its beautiful landscapes such as the Iguazú waterfalls or the Córdoba range, it also has a tragic history, as during seven years from 1976 to 1983 a military dictatorship known as El Proceso ruled and murdered or disappeared thousands of Argentines, as is depicted in the movie Imagining Argentina. One of the greatest Argentinian writers, Ernesto Sábato, author of The Tunnel, was responsible for collecting all the testimonies of the crimes committed during El Proceso, in a document commonly known as the Sábato report. Argentina is also famous for being the home and final resting place of the indomitable Eva Peron, the inspiration for the musical Evita. Nowadays, after the economic crisis that the country suffered in 2001, it is considered one of the main emergent economies worldwide.
There is a rich literary history in Argentina, as well as one of the region's most active publishing industries. Argentinian writers have figured prominently in Latin American literature since the country became a fully united entity in the 1850s. Jorge Luis Borges broke ground examining the modern world through metaphor and philosophical debate; he is most famous for his compilations of short stories such as Fictions and The Aleph. Julio Cortázar, another master of the short story, had a huge influence in Spanish literature for the way his characters acquire autonomy and psychological complexity which was rare at that time.
The movie industry in Argentina is thriving, with recent films such as the Motorcycle Diaries illustrating intimate details of the formative years of the remarkable Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara. One of the most successful Argentinian directors is Juan J. Campanella, who won an Oscar with the movie The Secret in Their Eyes and was also nominated for El Hijo de la Novia.