Famous for its Alps, its watches, its banks and its neutrality, Switzerland has also produced a significant cultural aspect within its confederated cantons. It has been the destination and refuge for many different ethnic groups over the centuries and this is reflected in the multiculturalism of its modern state.
To a large number of people, Johanna Spyri's stories about Heidi will be the most famous literary export of this country. Swiss literature does, however, hold more facets. Zurich-born Max Frisch won several awards and prizes for his literary output and is as such considered to be one of Switzerland's greatest writers. The Dada-movement was born here in 1916 by a group of international writers and artists such as Tristan Tzara, Hugo Ball and Jean Arp. Dada became famous for its often bleak and nonsensical look on the world. Friedrich Durrenmatt is another acclaimed Swiss writer of the 20th century who gained prominence with his novel The Physicists.
Another writer that deserves to be mentioned is Swiss-German Herman Hesse who rose to international fame with his literary work, especially for the novels Steppenwolf and Siddharta.
Switzerland has produced talent within the worlds of cinema and music as well, with Xavier Koller winning the Academy Award for his Journey of Hope in 1990 as well as Christoph Schaub and Geneva-born Claude Goretta being among the best within directing.
Musically the Swiss have a few bands that have made it onto the international stage. 1980s electro-pop band Yello did have successful hits in Britain and the US with The Race and Oh Yeah. Bern-based new wave band Grauzone also had notable success in that decade.