Pelourinho, also known as the historic center, was established by the first Portuguese settlers in Brazil in the mid-1500s. With profits from booming trade, including slavery, they built ornate churches on grand squares and magnificent colonial buildings painted in the colors of the rainbow, with stuccoed windows and balconies. The area was given U.N.E.S.C.O. World Heritage Status in 1985 preventing it falling to the ground and making it a must-see for visitors. The streets murmur with the relaxed hum of life and people mosey quietly between shops, hostels, bars and restaurants. The culture that African slaves brought to the city lives on today. Be sure to book into a capoeira class, sample the street food and get lost in the mesmeric dancing at the nightly Balé Folclórico show.