Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works
Deep in the remote Atacama Desert, this abandoned mining town was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005. The Humberstone and Santa Laura works were founded in 1880 to mine sodium nitrate, which was in high demand as a fertilizer. Thousands of Peruvians, Chileans and Bolivians migrated here to work in these harsh conditions, and developed their own distinct ‘Pampino’ culture in the process. The Pampinos’ struggle for just working conditions was a defining political movement in Chile at the turn of the century.
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Pampas, Chile, +56 57 276 0626