MAAM – Museo de Arqueologia de Alta Montana de Salta
Translating to the “Museum of High Altitude Archaeology” in English, this is not to be missed. Although it hosts a number of informative exhibits relating to the Inca empire, it’s the world famous Llullaillaco Children who take center stage. Back in 1999, three immaculately preserved mummies were discovered at the peak of a nearby 6,000 m (19,700 feet) volcano. Scientific examination determined they were left there intentionally as sacrifices to the gods.
Only one mummy is exhibited at any given time, stored in a specially designed high-tec display which circulates cool air to preserve the remains. The decision to display the children was rather controversial, partly because these lifelike remains are confronting and also because some indigenous groups believe they should be kept out of public view.