Also known as Mount Egmont, Mount Taranaki is a quiescent stratovolcano on the west coast of the North Island. Soaring up high at a majestic 2,518 metres (8,261 feet), the mountain has one of the most symmetrical volcanic cones in the world. A semblance to Japan’s Mount Fuji has also given Mt Taranaki a bit of cinematic acclaim – if you’ve seen the Tom Cruise blockbuster The Last Samurai, this is where those mountain backdrops were actually filmed.
The aptly-named Remarkables are a mountain range and ski field in Otago. They adorn the southeastern shores of Lake Wakatipu, creating an impressive backdrop for its closest township – Queenstown. The range’s highest point is Double Cone, which has a height of 2319 metres (7608 feet). There are number of lakes dotted around the Remarkables, including the glacial Lake Alta which freezes over the winter months, thus transforming into one of the area’s prime skiing and snowboarding destinations.
With a height of 3,724 metres (12,218 feet), the snow-capped Aoraki/Mt Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand. Part of the Southern Alps, a range that stretches across the entire South Island, the mountain is made up of three distinct summits that neighbour the Tasman Glacier to the east and the Hooker Glacier to the southwest. Aoraki/Mt Cook is a popular destination for experienced mountaineers looking for a challenge – in fact, before ascending to the summit of Mount Everest, Sir Edmund Hillary went on an expedition to conquer his homeland’s most difficult glacial climb.
Mount Tasman is New Zealand’s second highest mountain, rising to a respectable 3,497 metres (11,473 feet). You’ll find it just north of Aoraki/Mt Cook in the Southern Alps. Its location is actually quite interesting: Mt Tasman sits on the South Island’s Main Divide, which is the politically-established boundary between the Canterbury and West Coast regions. As with Aoraki/Mt Cook, Mt Tasman is a favourite among avid climbers.
Mt Ngauruhoe has earned international acclaim after being selected to depict Mount Doom in The Lord of the Rings trilogy. This active statrovolcano is the youngest vent among the Tongariro volcanic complex, first erupting some 2,500 years ago. It is surrounded by Mt Tongariro to the north, Mt Ruapehu to the south and Rangipo Desert to the west. Ngauruhoe has erupted 45 times in the 20th Centrury, the most recent being in 1974. Sulphurious gases are still being emitted from the crater – climbers with asthma have been known to be affected by this.
Set within Otago’s Mt Aspiring National Park, Tititea/Mt Aspiring is the highest mountain outside of the Aoraki section of the Southern Alps. Its pyramidal peak rises to 3,033 metres (9,951 feet) in height, and is the inspiration for the mountain’s Maori nomenclature: Tititea can be translated as ‘Glistening Peak’. Climbers usually scale Mt Aspiring via West Matukituki Valley, located 50 kilometres (31.1 miles) from the national park’s nearest town, Wanaka. The mountain also lies near three major glacial systems: the Bonar Glacier, which drains into the Waipara River, and the Therma Glaciers, both of which drain into the Waitoto River.
Mitre Peak is probably one of the most iconic South Island mountains. It lies on the shores of the Milford Sound, which is largely revered for its hiking terrain and sublime scenery. A distinctive peak shape that largely resembles a Christian bishop’s mitre is what gives this mountain its name. Mite Peak has a height of 1,690 metres (5,560 feet) and is very difficult to climb. Boat cruises are the best way to see this natural wonder from up close.
Mount Tarawera was responsible for one of the largest volcanic eruptions in New Zealand’s history. This North Island volcano is situated just 24 kilometres (14.9 miles) outside of Rotorua, and consists of an awe-inducing series of lava dome fissures that were melded by its most recent – and most destructive – eruption, which occurred in 1886 and took the lives of approximately 120 people. These days, the Tarawera Trail is one of best ways to get familiar with this mountain’s landscape and significance. There are also guided tours around Mt Tarawera for those who want to get a bit of local insight into the majestic volcanic wonder they’re seeing.
Mauao or Mount Maunganui is an extinct volcanic cone that is considered to be sacred (tapu) by the Maori tribe (iwi) in the area. The name Mauao literally translates as ‘caught by the morning sun’, and comes from a legend in which a nameless mountain, spurned by unrequited love, begged some fairy-like creatures to drag him into the ocean so he can end all his misery. As the morning sun’s rays struck the magical creatures, they fled – leaving the once-nameless mountain on the place where it resides today. Mauao is located in the peninsula and town of Mount Maunganui, along the eastern end of the Tauranga Harbour, and its summit sits 232 metres (761 feet) above sea level.